at this critical period when the Legislature is about to frame Regulations for the future government of Labradore, begs to assure your Lordship he has been particularly cautious not to deliver any such sentiments as might, in the smallest degree, tend to mislead your Lordship's judgment; and should esteem himself highly criminal were he capable of being knowingly biassed so far towards his own private interest as to endeavour to advance it by prejudicing that of the Public. His representation is of facts, and from the result of his most careful observations: and he cannot but be confident that, those who know most on the subject will most nearly agree with him in opinion: but he thinks it necessary to observe that, he has reason to believe the affairs of Labradore, and consequently its true interests, are not as yet well understood by the Newfoundland Merchants in general, or even by most of those in particular who may have had some concerns there under the conduct of their servants.
And now this Memorial proceedeth to shew
That your Lordship's Memorialist is bold to think he hath done more than any man towards extending the above mentioned branches of commerce along the Coast of Labradore. He took the lead in advancing beyond the protection of His Majesty's Fort at Chatteau, at a time when the last occupiers of the River Charles where he seated himself had been surprized and three of them killed by the Savages; which had struck such a panick into the rest that the post had been abandoned for two years. The first year of his residence there, he prevailed upon nine of the Savages to winter with him, when no other adventurer would run any risk of that kind. The two successive seasons he ventured to pitch his tent in their camp; having never more than a single attendant, and being sometimes alone. He lived amongst them in this manner for some weeks, and very frequently entertained large parties of them at his own house; by which means he at length obtained such an ascendancy over them that they became entirely observant of his commands, and have ever since shewn themselves firmly attached to his person: insomuch that, when he had the misfortune to be burnt out of his house, and at other times when any kind of distress has befallen him, they have melted into tears and given every other demonstration of feeling a real concern; and while Mr. Pinson's servants were in the act of dispossessing him of his salmon fishery and its buildings, it was with some difficulty he could restrain them from revenging him, by the death of his opponents. They never rested until they had made him promise to visit them at their own settlemt, and have given him the most solemn assurances of safety. They seem tollerably well satisfied with England; and now reproach themselves with not crediting the various reports of their country-woman Micoc, with regard to the numbers and power of the English Nation, which they formerly entertained a contemptible opinion of, but now express their astonishment at, as far exceeding her description: so that their notion of having it at any time in their power to cut off all the English in Labradore, which they did not fail to make known when displeased, will probably give place to ideas of the expediency of keeping well with a people to whom they now say “The Eskimaux are but as Two.”
And Your Lordship's Memorialist has no doubt but that, from their treatment amongst us; they will leave England with sentiments of real friendship, tending very much to prevent the bloodshed which has heretofore so frequently happened between us; and to confirm, throughout their whole community, that confidence which a part of them immediately reposed in us upon the return home of Micoc, and to cement between the two nations a cordial and lasting peace.
That this Memorialist can make appear to your Lordship that, he has by great industry & observation, and by many chargeable experiments, invented several considerable improvements in the mode of carrying on the Seal Fishery; whereby it will be managed with greater ease, the oil will be much more pure, and produce a greater profit by at least 20 Ct. but that he can reap no benefit from these inventions, nor will they come into general use among our seal fishers, except a full security be given to every adventurer of holding undisturbed possession of his posts; as the first cost of the necessary erections will be very considerable, and take some time to perfect; and must of necessity be provided at every Sealing Post.
That this Memorialist, submitting to the judgment of Your Lordship whether leaving the Stations occupied by the adventurous and laborious discoverer open to every interloper, will not tend to damp the the spirit of enterprize and to distress the industrious; without having any other effect than to encourage, at their expence, the lazy, the cowardly, the avaricious and the oppressor, who have before them immense Tracts of an unoccupied Coast: and submitting likewise all his general reasonings to spew how much adventurers stand in need of His Majesty's protection; as well as the particular pretensions which, individually, he humbly presumes he has to encouragement, he has, in obedience to Your Lordship's generous commands, for which he is truly grateful, taken the liberty thus to approach Your Lordship with a Memorial, flattering himself with an entire confidence that when his case (the common case of every real adventurer) shall have been taken into consideration, and it shall appear to Your Lordship that he is deserving of so much favour, that your Lordship will be pleased to move His Majesty, in his great goodness and known desire to promote the happiness and. Welfare of his subjects, to command that a Royal Grant be made to this Memorialist and his Heirs, of the small Tract of the said Coast of Labradore which lies between Cape Charles & Cape St Lewis; reserving to the Cod-fishers and Whalers by Sea, (not interrupting the Sealing & Salmon fishing within those limits,) every right and privelege that shall be necessary for following those occupations; this being the part he has made it his business to become acquainted with, and within which he has built seven dwelling houses, with suitable Store houses, Fish-houses, Vats, Wharfs and every other erection belonging to the Seal and Salmon fisheries, part of which are now in possession of the above mentioned Mr Pinson.
That, in consideration also of the great national advantage which may reasonably be expected to result from the conduct of this Memorialist towards the Eskimaux he trusts that he shall therein meet with Your Lordship's
approbation, and, provided he shall be so happy, that he shall find, from your Lordship's great benevolence, a disposition in your Lordship to obtain him from Government some assistance towards defraying his Expences on the Indians he has now with him, during their short stay in England, as the maintainance* of them, in such a way as to make them satisfied with their treatment, falls very heavy upon your Lordship's Memorialist after all his losses in Trade.
All which is most humbly submitted by
Your Lordship's most respectful
and most obliged Servant
January 6th 1773
Memorial of George Cartwright Esqr
Read Janry 28