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that District are of great consequence to Our Service. It is therefore Our Will and Pleasure that no part of the Lands, upon which the said Iron Works were carried on, or from which the Ore used in such Works was procured, or which shall appear to be necessary and convenient for that Establishment, either in respect to a free passage to the River Saint Lawrence, or for producing a necessary supply of Wood, Corn, and Hay, or for Pasture for Cattle, be granted to any private person whatever. And also that as large a District of Land, as conveniently may be, adjacent to, and lying round the said Iron Works, over and above what may be necessary for the above purposes, be reserved for Our Use, to be disposed of in such manner as We shall hereafter direct and appoint.

    41.  And it is Our further Will and Pleasure, that you do consider of a proper and effectual method of collecting, receiving, and accounting for Our Quit rents, whereby all Frauds, Concealments, Irregularity, or neglect therein may be prevented, and whereby the receipt may be effectually checked and controlled. And if it shall appear necessary to pass an Act for the more effectually ascertaining, and the more speedily and regularly collecting Our Quit rents, you are to prepare the heads of such a Bill, as you shall think may most effectually conduce to the procuring the good ends proposed; and to transmit the same to Us by one of Our principal Secretaries of State for Our further Directions therein. And you are also to transmit a Duplicate thereof to Our Commissioners for Trade and Plantations for their information.

    42.  You are to use your best endeavours in improving the Trade of the Province under your Government by settling such Orders and Regulations therein, with the advice of Our said Council, as may be most acceptable to the generality of the Inhabitants; And It is Our express Will and Pleasure, that you do not upon any pretence whatever, upon pain of Our Highest Displeasure, give your assent to any Law or Laws for setting up any Manufactures, and carrying on any Trades, which are hurtful and prejudicial to this Kingdom; and that you do use your utmost endeavours to discourage, discountenance, and restrain any attempts, which may be made to set up such Manufactures, or establish any such Trades.

    43.  And it is Our Will and Pleasure, that you do not dispose of any Forfeitures or Escheats to any person, until the Sheriff or other proper Officer have made enquiry by a Jury upon their Oaths into the true value thereof; nor until you have transmitted to Our Commissioners of Our Treasury a particular account of such Forfeitures, and Escheats, and the Value thereof; and you are to take care, that the produce of such Forfeitures and Escheats, in case We shall think proper to give you directions to dispose of the same, be duly paid to Our Treasurer or Receiver General of Our said Province; and a full account transmitted to Our Commissioners of Our Treasury, or Our High Treasurer for the time being, with the names of the persons, to whom disposed.

    44.  And whereas Commissions have been granted unto several persons in Our respective Plantations in America for the trying of Pirates in those

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parts, pursuant to the Acts for the more effectual suppression of Piracy; and by a Commission already sent to Our Province of New York Our Governor there is impowered, together with others therein mentioned, to proceed accordingly in reference to Our said Province; Our Will and Pleasure is that you do use your best endeavours to apprehend all persons whatever, who may have been guilty of Piracy within your Government, or who, having committed such Crimes at other places, may come within your Jurisdiction, and until we shall think proper to direct the like Commission to be established for Our Government at Quebec, you are to send such Pirates, with what proofs of their Guilt you can procure or collect, to Our Governor of New York, to be tryed and punished under the authority of the Commission established for those parts.

    45.  And whereas you will receive from Our Commissioners for executing the Office of High Admiral of Great Britain and of Our Plantations a Commission, constituting you Vice Admiral of Our said Province; you are hereby required and directed carefully to put in execution the several powers thereby granted you.

    46.  Whereas great Inconveniences have happened heretofore by Merchant Ships and other vessels in the Plantations wearing the Colours borne by Our Ships of War, under pretence of Commissions granted to them by the Governors of the said Plantations, and by trading under those Colours, not only among Our own Subjects, but also those of other Princes and States, and committing divers Irregularities, they may very much dishonour Our Service; For preventing thereof, you are to oblige the Commanders of all such Ships, to which you shall grant Commissions, to wear no other Colours, than such as are described in an Order of Council of the 7th of January 1730, in relation to Colours to be worn by all Ships and Vessels, except Our Ships of War.

    47.  And whereas there have been great Irregularities in the manner of granting Commissions in the Plantations to private Ships of War, you are to govern yourself, whenever there shall be occasion, according to the Commissions and Instructions granted in this Kingdom; But you are not to grant Commissions of Marque or Reprisal against any Prince or State, or their Subjects in amity with Us to any person whatsoever without Our special Command.

    48.  Whereas We have been informed, that during the time of War, Our Enemies have frequently got Intelligence of the State of Our Plantations by Letters from private persons to their Correspondents in Great Britain, taken on board Ships coming from the Plantations, which hath been of dangerous consequence; Our Will and Pleasure therefore is, that you signify to all Merchants, Planters, and others, that they be very cautious in time of War, whenever that shall happen, in giving any accounts by Letters of the Public State and Conditions of Our Province under your Government; and you are further to give directions to all Masters of Ships, or other persons, to whom you may entrust your Letters, that they put such Letters

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into a Bag with a sufficient weight to sink the same immediately, in case of imminent danger from the Enemy: And you are also to let the Merchants and Planters know, how greatly it is for their Interest, that their Letters should not fall into the hands of the Enemy; and therefore that they should give like Orders to Masters of Ships in relation to their Letters; and you are further to advise all Masters of Ships, that they do sink all Letters, in case of danger, in the manner before mentioned.

    49.  And whereas the Merchants and Planters in Our Plantations in America, have in time of War, corresponded and traded with Our Enemies, and carried Intelligence to them, to the great prejudice and hazard of Our said Plantations; you are therefore by all possible methods to endeavor to hinder such Trade and Correspondence in time of War.

    50.  Whereas it is absolutely necessary, that We be exactly informed of the State of Defence of all Our Plantations in America, as well in relation to the Stores of War, that are in each Plantation, as to the Forts and Fortifications there, and what more may be necessary to be built for the Defence and Security of the same; you are as soon as possible to prepare an account thereof with relation to Our said Province in the most particular manner; and you are therein to express the present State of the Arms, Ammunition, and other Stores of War belonging to the said Province, either in public Magazines, or in the hands of private persons, together with the State of all places either already fortified, or that you judge necessary to be fortified for the Security of Our said Province; and you are to transmit the said accounts to Us by one of Our principal Secretaries of State, and also Duplicates thereof to Our Commissioners for Trade and Plantations, for their information, and also a Duplicate thereof to Our Master General, or principal Officers of Our Ordinance, which accounts are to express the particulars of Ordinance, Carriages, Balls, Powder, and other sorts of Arms and Ammunition in Our public Stores, and so from time to time of what shall be sent to you, or bought with the public Money; and to specify the time of the disposal, and the occasion thereof; and you are half yearly to transmit a general account of the State of the Fortifications and Warlike Stores specified in the manner above mentioned.

    51.  And in case of any Distress of any other of Our Plantations, you shall, upon application of the respective Governors thereof unto you, assist them with what aid the condition and safety of Our Province under your Government can spare.

    52.  If any thing shall happen, which may be of advantage or security to Our Province under your Government, which is not herein, or by your Commission provided for, We do hereby allow unto you, with the advice and consent of Our Council, to take order for the present therein, giving

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unto Us, by one of Our principal Secretaries of State, speedy notice thereof, that you may receive Our Ratification, if We shall approve the same; Provided always, that you do not by colour of any power or authority hereby given you, commence or declare War without Our Knowledge and particular Commands therein; and you are also to transmit a Duplicate of such notice, as aforesaid, to Our Commissioners for Trade and Plantations for their information.

    53.  And whereas We have by the first article of these Our Instructions to you directed and appointed, that your chief Residence shall be at Quebec, you are nevertheless frequently to visit other parts of your Government, in order to inspect the management of all public affairs, and thereby the better to take care, that the Government be so administered, that no disorderly practices may grow up contrary to Our Service and the welfare of Our Subjects.

    54.  And whereas great prejudice may happen to Our Service, and the security of the Province by your absence from those parts, you are not upon any pretence whatsoever to come into Europe without having first obtained leave for so doing from Us under Our Sign Manual and Signet, or by Our Order in Our Privy Council; Yet nevertheless, in case of Sickness, you may go to South Carolina, or any other of Our Southern Plantations, and there stay such a space of time, as the recovery of your Health may absolutely require.

    55.  And whereas We have thought fit by Our Commission to direct, that, in case of your death, or absence from Our said Province, and in case there be at that time no person within Our said Province commissionated or appointed by Us to be Our Lieutenant Governor, or Commander in Chief, that the eldest Councillor, being a natural born Subject of Great Britain, Ireland, or the Plantations, and professing the Protestant Religion, who shall be at the time of your death or absence residing within Our said Province under your Government, shall take upon him the administration of Government, and execute Our said Commission, and Instructions, and the several powers and authorities therein directed; It is nevertheless Our express Will and Pleasure, that in such case the said President shall forbear to pass any Act or Acts, but what are immediately necessary for the Peace and Welfare of the said Province, without Our particular Order for that purpose.

    56.  And whereas We are desirous, that a proper provision should be made for the support of Our Government within Our said Province of Quebec, We do therefore hereby declare it to be Our Royal Intention, that the following annual Salaries and Allowances be discharged and paid out of any Revenues arising to Us within the same, or out of such other Monies, as shall be 40 granted or appropriated to the Uses and Services of Our said Province of Quebec, that is to say,

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£    s.  d.
To the Governor p Annum....   ....   ....   ....   ....   ....   ....   2,000  0  0
To the Lieutenant Governor .... .... .... .... .... .... .... 600  0  0
To the Chief Justice .... .... .... .... .... .... .... 1,200  0  0
To six Judges of Common Pleas, £500 each .... .... .... .... 3,000  0  0
To the Attorney General .... .... .... .... .... .... .... 300  0  0
To the Clerk of the Crown and Pleas .... .... .... .... .... 100  0  0
To two Sheriffs at £100 each .... .... .... .... .... .... .... 200  0  0
To the Secretary and Register .... .... .... .... .... .... .... 400  0  0
To the Clerk of the Council .... .... .... .... .... .... .... 100  0  0
To the Surveyor of Lands .... .... .... .... .... .... .... 300  0  0
To the Surveyor of Woods .... .... .... .... .... .... .... 200  0  0
To the Commissary for Indians .... .... .... .... .... .... 300  0  0
To the Captain of the Port .... .... .... .... .... .... .... 100  0  0
To the Naval Officer .... .... .... .... .... .... .... 100  0  0
To the Receiver General of the Revenues .... .... .... .... .... 400  0  0
To twenty-three Councillors at £100 each .... .... .... .... 2,300  0  0
To the Lieutenant Governors or Superintendents
        At the Illinois
           Post Saint Vincenne
at £200 each .... .... .... 1,000  0  0
To one Judge of the Inferior Courts of King's bench and Common Pleas
       at each of the above five Posts at £100 each Judge .... .... 500  0  0
To an Assistant or Assessor at each Post at £50 p Annum .... 250  0  0
To a Sheriff at each District at £20 p Annum each .... .... .... 100  0  0
To a Grand Voyer .... .... .... .... .... .... .... 200  0  0
To a French Secretary .... .... .... .... .... .... .... 200  0  0
To four Ministers of the Protestant Church at £200 p. Ann. each .... 800  0  0
To two Schoolmasters at £100 p. Annum each .... .... .... 200  0  0
To an Allowance to the Person licenced to superintend
      the Romish Church .... .... .... .... .... .... .... 200  0  0
To Pensions to the Officers of a Corps of Canadians employed in the last
      War, and discharged without any Allowance, as follows, Vizt
          To Monsr Rigauville, the Commandant of said Corps .... 200  0  0
          To five Captains £100 each .... .... .... .... .... .... 500  0  0
          To ten Lieutenants £50 each .... .... .... .... .... .... 500  0  0
          To the Commandant of the Savages .... .... .... .... 100  0  0
To Annual Contingent Expenses .... .... .... .... .... .... 1,000  0  0
  £17,350  0  0

   All which Salaries and Allowances are to commence on, and be payable from, and after the first day of May next ensuing.¹

    [¹ Among the Dartmouth Papers is an "Estimate of the Expence of the Civil Establishment of the Province of Quebec, and Its Dependencies." M 385, p. 494. In this a number of the salaries are rated at different amounts from those here given. Among the variations are the following—Lt. Governor, £800, Chief Justice, £1,000; the six Judges, £300 each, Commissary for Indians, £200. There are two additional offices, Judge of the Admiralty, £200, Register of the Court of Admiralty, £100. There was no provision for Schoolmasters, or for Contingent Expenses. From another document we find that the appointments to these positions were divided between Lord Dartmouth, the Treasury Board, and the Governor, as follows,—
    "Lord Dartmouth—Lt. Governor, Chief Justice, Seery & Register, 3 Judges, Attorney Gen¹, Clerk of Crown, Commissary for Indian Affairs, Naval Officers, 5 Superintendst, 4 Ministers, 2 Schoolmasters.
    Treasury—Surveyor of Lands, Do of Woods, Receivr Genl.
    Governor—Clerk of Council, Captain of ye Port, 2 Sheriffs, 5 Judges, 5 Assessors, 5 Sheriffs Grand Voyer, French Secretary." M 385, p. 492.]



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