p. 575 JOINT
COMMISSION PASSED UNDER THE GREAT SEAL OF GREAT BRITAIN APPOINTING SIR RICHARD KING
TO BE GOVERNOR AND COMMANDER-IN-CHIEF IN AND OVER THE ISLAND OF NEWFOUNDLAND.
PATENT ROLL. 32 GEO. III. PART I. NO. 4.
Sir Richard King Knight
Governor of Newfoundland
George the Third by the Grace of God of Great Britain ffrance and Ireland King Defender of the ffaith and so forth To our Trusty and Welbeloved Sir Richard King Knight Rear Admiral of the Red Squadron of our ffleet Greeting Whereas wee did by our Letters Patent under our Great Seal of Great Britain bearing date at Westminster the first Day of June in the Twenty ninth Year of our Reign Constitute and appoint Mark Milbanke Esquire to be our Governor and Commander in Chief in and over our Island of Newfoundland and Islands of Madelaine in the Gulph of Saint Lawrence as also all our fforts and Garrisons erected and established or that should be erected and established in our Island of Newfoundland and Madelaine for and during our will and Pleasure as by the said Letters Patent Relation being thereunto had may more fully and at large appear Now Know you that Wee have revoked and Determined and made void and by these presents Do revoke determine and make void the said recited Letters Patent and every Clause Article and Thing therein contained and we reposing Especial Trust and Confidence in the Prudence Courage and Loyalty of you the said Sir Richard King of our especial Grace certain Knowledge and meer motion have thought fit to constitute and appoint and by these Presents do constitute and appoint you the said Sir Richard King to be our Governor and Commander in Chief in and over our said Island of Newfoundland and the Island[s] adjacent as also of all our fforts and Garrison[s] erected and established in our said Island [of] Newfoundland and Islands adjacent as aforesaid and we do hereby require and Command you to do and execute all things in due manner that shall belong to your said Command and the Trusts we have reposed in you according to the several powers and Directions granted or appointed you by this present Commission and the Instructions herewith given you or by such further powers Instructions and Authorities as shall
at any time hereafter be granted or appointed you under our Signet and Sign Manual or by *Order in our Privy Council And Wee do further Give and Grant unto you the said Sir Richard King full Power and Authority from time to time and at all times hereafter by yourself or by any other to be authorized by you in that behalf to Administer and give the Oaths mentioned in an Act passed in the first Year of the Reign of King George the ffirst Intitled [An Act for the further security of his Majesty's Person and Government and the Succession of the Crown in the Heirs of the late Princess Sophia being protestants and for extinguishing the hopes of the pretended Prince of Wales and his open and secret Abettors] as the same is altered and explained by an Act passed in the sixth Year of our Reign Intitled [An Act for the altering the Oath of Abjuration and the Assurance and for amending so much of an Act of the seventh Year of her late Majesty Queen Anne intitled An Act for the improvement of the Union of the two Kingdoms as after the time therein limited requires the Delivery of certain Lists and Copies therein mentioned to persons indicted of High* Court* of Misprision of Treason] to all *intents such Person or Persons as you shall think fit who shall at any time or times pass into our said Islands or shall be resident or abiding there And wee do by these Presents give and grant unto you full power and Authority to constitute and appoint in Cases requisite Commissioners of Oyer and Terminer for the hearing and determining of all Criminal Causes (Treasons Excepted) according to Law and for awarding Execution thereupon with all reasonable and necessary Powers Authorities flees and Priviledges belonging thereunto and Justices of the Peace with other necessary Officers and Ministers for the better Administration of Justice and keeping the peace and Quiet of the said Islands which Justices of the peace so authorized may and shall hold and keep General Quarter Sessions of the Peace in such places as you shall appoint according to the Custom of this part of Great Britain called England and adjourn such Sessions from time to time and from place to place as shall be most *Covenient and necessary for the peace and Welfare of our Subjects inhabiting there Provided neither you nor they do anything by Virtue of this Commission or the Powers hereby granted contrary or repugnant to the Act for encouraging the Trade to Newfoundland passed in the tenth and eleventh Years of the Reign of King William the Third or to the Act passed in the ffifteenth Year of our Reign Intituled [An Act for the Encouragement of the ffisheries carried on from Great Britain Ireland and the British Dominions in Europe and for securing the return of the ffishermen Sailors and others employed in the said ffisheries to the ports thereof at the end of the ffishing Season] or to an Act passed in the twenty eighth Year of Our Reign Intituled [An Act to amend and render more effectual the several Laws now in force for encouraging the ffisheries carried on at Newfoundland and parts adjacent from Great Britain Ireland and the British Dominions in Europe and for granting Bounties for a limited time on certain Terms and Conditions or to another Act passed in the last Session of Parliament Intituled [An Act for establishing Courts of Judicature in the Island of Newfoundland and the Islands adjacent nor anyway obstruct the powers thereby given and granted
to the Admirals of Harbors or Captains of our Ships of War or Act contrary to any other Matter or thing prescribed By the said Acts or so much of them as shall be in force at the respective times of Executing this Commission And wee do hereby give and Grant unto you full power and Authority when you shall see cause or Judge any Offender or Offenders for Criminal Matters or for any ffines or fforfeitures due *and unto us fit object[s] of our Mercy to pardon all such Offenders an remit all such Offences ffines and fforfeitures wilful Murder only excepted in which Case you shall likewise have power upon Extraordinary Occasions to grant reprieves to the Offenders until and to the intent our Royal pleasure may be known therein and all such Justices of the peace and their inferior Officers and Ministers whom you or they shall appoint amongst the Inhabitants of the said Islands are strictly required and enjoined in all Cases and times whenever necessary to be aiding and assisting to the utmost of their power to our Chief Justice of the said Island and to the persons whom you shall appoint Surrogates in the same or in the Island adjacent to the Commanders of our Ships of War and to the several Admirals in their respective Harbours in the discharge of their several and respective Duties and provided also that no person or persons so by you appointed to be Justices of the peace as aforesaid or other Officers or Ministers belonging or Appertaining to them do presume or be suffered to act in such Office or place until he or they have taken the aforesaid Oaths mentioned in the aforesaid Act Intituled [An Act for the further security of His Majesty's person and Government and the succession of the Crown in the Heirs of the late Princess Sophia being Protestants and for extinguishing the Hopes of the pretended Prince of Wales and his open and secret abettors] as the sames* is altered and explained by the said Act Intituled [An Act for altering the Oath of Abjuration and the Assurance and for Amending so much of an Act of the seventh Year of her late Majesty Queen Anne Intituled [An Act for the Improvement of the Union of the two Kingdoms as after the time therein limited requires the Delivery of certain Lists and Copies therein mentioned to persons indicted of High Treason or Misprision of Treason] as also made and subscribed the Declaration mentioned in an Act made in the Twenty fifth Year of the Reign of King Charles the second Intituled [An Act for preventing Dangers which may* from Popish Recusants] and also taken such proper Oath or Oaths as are usually taken in this Kingdom by Persons executing such Offices and Trusts which said Oaths and Declaration you shall Administer and give or cause the same to be Administered and given to all and every Person or Persons who ought to take the same according to the Laws and Customs of this Kingdom And wee do hereby Give and Grant unto you the said Sir Richard King full Power to erect Appoint or set apart one or more Convenient Court House or Court houses for the holding of the said Supreme Court and the several Surrogate Courts and also for the more orderly meeting of the Justices of the Peace in order to hold their quarter or other Sessions with a Convenient Prison adjoining thereto for the keeping of Offenders against Our Laws and the Peace of Our Subjects and wee do hereby require and Command all Officers Civil and Military and all other Inhabitants of our said
Islands to be obedient aiding and assisting unto you in the Execution of this our Commission and of the Powers and authorities herein contained and in Case of your Death our Will and Pleasure is teat the Person upon whom the Command of our Ships under your Command shall devolve do take upon him the Administration of the Government of our said Islands and execute this our said Commission and Instructions and the several Powers and Authorities therein contained in the same manner to all Intents and Purposes as you our said Governor and Commander in Chief might or ought to do for and during our Will and Pleasure and wee do hereby declare ordain and appoint that you the said Sir Richard King shall and may hold and enjoy the Place of our Governor and Commander in Chief in and over our said Islands* of Newfoundland and the Islands adjacent as also of all our fforts and Garrisons erected and Established in our said Islands or that shall be erected or established in our said Islands with all and singular the Powers and Authorities hereby granted unto you for and during our Will and Pleasure In Witness &c Witness &c the nineteenth day of July one thousand and seven hundred and ninety two.
By Writ of Privy Seal