p. 542 C
ADMIRALTY INSTRUCTIONS TO JOHN CAMPBELL
AS COMMANDER-IN-CHIEF OF HIS MAJESTY'S SHIPS ON THE NEWFOUNDLAND STATION.
ADMTY SECRY OUT LETTER. VOL. 112.
Whereas His Majesty's Ships and Sloops named in the margin (part of those put under your command) have been already detached with the early Convoys to Newfoundland pursuant to our Directions; And Whereas we intend that you shall proceed thither yourself as soon as possible in the Portland accompanied by the Oiseau, Danpe, and Merlin Sloop; You are hereby required and directed to put to Sea, with the very first opportunity of Wind and Weather, and proceed on your Voyage to that Island accordingly; calling off the several Ports named in the margin in your way down Channel, for any Fishing Ships or Vessels bound the same way which may be ready and whose Masters may be willing to accompany you; and taking them under your Convoy, proceed to the Grand Bank in the Latitude of 46° 30´ where you are to leave such of the said Fishing Ships whose Masters may be inclined to begin the Fishery, and also one, or both of the Frigates which proceed with you, or one of them and the Sloop, or all three of them if you judge it necessary, with orders to the Commanding Officer to cruize on the said Bank and to use his best endeavours to take or destroy any Ships or Vessels belonging to France or French Subjects; Spain or Spanish Subjects; the States General of the United Provinces, or their Subjects, or to the Rebellious Colonies of North America which may resort thither either for the purpose of fishing or trading or for annoying or disturbing the fishery; to continue on that service three weeks or longer if you shall judge it necessary; and then to execute such further orders as you shall think fit to give him.
You are, in the Portland, to go on to St John's, calling in your way at Renouse, Ferryland and the Bay of Bulls, in order to obtain Intelligence and to give such protection & Assistance to His Majestys Subjects on that part
of the Coast as they may stand in need of & you are then to proceed yourself, and to dispose of the Ships and Vessels put under your command in such manner as you shall judge best for carrying into execution the following Instructions Vizt
[Same as Art. 1 to Rear Admiral Richard Edwards, ante p. 522, but substituting for "any ships or vessels belonging to the French King, &c.," to end of Article, "His Majesty's enemies, and using your best endeavour to take or destroy all ships or vessels belonging to the Kingdoms States or Colonies abovementioned, which may fall in your way."]
You are, agreeable to an Act of Parliament of the 10th and 11th Years of King William the 3d entitled An Act to encourage the Trade to Newfoundland (a printed Copy of which you will receive herewith) to be aiding and assisting to the Admirals, Vice Admirals, and Rear Admirals of the respective Ports and Harbours of Newfoundland from time to time as need shall require in preserving the peace & good Government among the Seamen and Fishermen and in apprehending Offenders—And you are, so far as the same may relate to you as Commander in Chief of His Majesty's Ships and Vessels at and about Newfoundland to comply with the following Acts of Parliament (a printed Copy of each of which is also herewith sent to you) vizt
15 Geo: 3d—————————Cap : 31
18 —————————————— 55
20 —————————————— 6
" —————————————— 10
[Same as Art. 3 to Rear Admiral Richard Edwards, ante p. 522.]
And whereas it is very prejudicial to this Kingdom that the Fishing Ships do not bring home from Newfoundland the Complement of men they carry out, many of them being enticed away to other places and others left in the Country. You are to let the masters know that it will behove them to bring home the number of men they carry out (except in case of death) for that otherwise they will be prosecuted at their return, and you are to use your best endeavour to oblige them thereto, as far as in you lies except, only with regard to such of their men as shall have entered into His Majesty's service.
[to Rear Admiral Richard Eduards, ante
except in 9, omit reference to Anticosti, in 13; for "Rebels" read "His Majesty's Enemies," and in 14, "Rear Admiral Digby" for Vice-Admiral Arbuthnot. 10 and 11, though not identical, will contain similar instructions to those to Rear Admiral Edwards.]
Given &cª 28th May 1782.
John Campbell Esqr
Vice Admiral of the White and Commander in Chief of His Majesty's Ships & Vessels employed and to be employed at & about Newfoundland &cª.