The Labrador Boundary


Privy Council Documents


Volume II
Contents




           [10 May,
1782.]  

         George R.
        (L.S.)


p. 536                                           C



No. 133.

Newfoundland.

INSTRUCTIONS PASSED UNDER THE ROYAL SIGN MANUAL AND SIGNET FOR JOHN CAMPBELL,

AS GOVERNOR AND COMMANDER-IN-CHIEF IN AND OVER THE ISLAND OF NEWFOUNDLAND.

C.O. 5.    VOL. 207.    No. 10.
(Copy)

Instructions to Our Trusty and Welbeloved John Campbell Esqr,     Our Governor and Commander in Chief, in and over Our     Island of Newfoundland in America, and of the Islands of     Madelaine—in the Gulph of St Lawrence; as also of all Our     Forts and Garrisons erected and established or that shall be     erected and established in Our said Islands of Newfoundland     and Madelaine. Given at Our Court at St James's the Tenth     day of May 1782, in the Twenty Second Year of Our Reign.

    First.  With these Our Instruction[s] you will receive Our Commission under Our Great Seal of Great Britain, constituting you Our Governor, and Commander in Chief, in and over Our Island of Newfoundland in America, and of the Islands of Madelaine in the Gulph of St Lawrence, as also of all our Forts and Garrisons erected and established or that shall be erected and established in Our said Islands with Directions to obey such Orders and Instructions as shall from time to time be given you Under Our Signet and Sign Manual, or by Our Order in Our Privy Council; you are therefore to fit yourself with all convenient speed and to repair to your said Command; and being arrived you are to take upon you the Execution of the Place and Trust We have reposed in You, & as soon as conveniently may be, to assemble the principal Inhabitants of the Island of Newfoundland, and of any other such Island or Islands within Your Government as you shall judge necessary, and, with all due Solemnity to cause Our said Commission under Our Great Seal of Great Britain constituting You Our Governor and Commander in Chief as aforesaid, to be read and published at such Meetings.

    2nd  It is Our Will and Pleasure that you do from time to time, as the Nature of the Service will allow, visit all the Coasts and Harbours of the Islands under your Government, in order to inspect and examine the state

p. 537

and condition of the Fisheries, which are or may be carried on upon the said Coasts and Islands. You shall also use your best endeavours to procure accurate Draughts or Maps of the several Harbours, Bays & Coasts of Newfoundland, and the other Islands under Your Government, if the same shall not already have been obtained: And You are more particularly to direct the Officer of any Vessel under your Command which may be appointed to visit that part of the Coast of Labradore which lies between Hudsons Streights and the Streights of Belisle, to search and explore the great Inlet, commonly known by the Name of Davis's Inlet, in order to discover whether the same has or has not any Passage to Hudsons Bay or any other inclosed Sea.

    3rd  You are also to enquire and Report to Us, by One of Our Principal Secretaries of State, whether any or what further Establishment may be necessary to be made, or Forts erected in any Part of Newfoundland, or the other Islands under Your Government, either for the Protection of the Fishery, the Security of the Country, or the establishing and carrying on a Commerce with the Indians residing in or resorting to the said Islands.

    4th  You are not to permit any Persons whatever except Our Subjects, to carry on commerce with the said Indians, and You are to Use your best Endeavors to conciliate their Affections and to induce them to trade with Our Subjects, reporting to Us, by One of Our Principal Secretaries of State, the best Account you can obtain of the Number of the said Indians, the places they frequent, the nature and extent of the Commerce that is or may be carried on with them, and how the same may in your Opinion be further extended and improved.

    5th  You are to use your best Endeavors to prevent any Aliens or Strangers whatever from fishing or drying fish on any of the Coasts or in any of the Harbours of the Islands under Your Government; And whereas it hath been represented unto Us that foreigners are Sharers in the Fishery and Commerce of our said Island by being part Owners of Ships employed therein under English Names, by means whereof the said Ships are supplied from Foreign Countries with all kinds of Materials, as well for the Use of the Fishery as for the Use of the said Vessels; It is therefore Our Will and Pleasure that you do make the most diligent Enquiry into the Nature and Extent of such illicit practise and unwarrantable Combination and report to Us, by One of Our Principal Secretaries of State, the result of Your Enquiry whereupon to found such further directions as We may think fit to give, and in the mean time you are to use your best Endeavors to put a Stop to such unlawful Proceedings and to take the most effectual Measures for the discovery and prevention of all illicit and contraband Trade.

   6
7
8
9
10
same as 15
17
18
19
20
  to Rear Admiral Robert Duff, ante
  pp. 482-483.

p. 538

    11.  You are to take especial Care, and use Your utmost Endeavours for the due Observance of the different Acts of Trade and in particular that passed on the 15th Year of King Charles the Second intituled, "An Act for the Encouragement of Trade," and one passed in the 10th and 11th of King William the Third, intituled, "An Act to encourage the Trade to Newfoundland," at the same time conforming Yourself to the Regulations and Provisions contained in an Act passed in the 15th Year of Our Reign, intituled "An Act for the Encouragement of the Fisheries carried on from Great Britain, Ireland and the British Dominions in Europe, and for securing the return of the Fishermen Sailors and others employed in the said Fisheries to the Ports thereof at the end of the Fishing Season." Also of an Act passed in the 18th Year of Our Reign intituled "An Act to permit the Exportation of certain Goods directly from Ireland into any British Plantations in America, or any British Settlement on the Coast of Africa," also of two Acts passed in the 19th Year of Our Reign entituled "An Act to repeal certain Acts made in Great Britain which restrain the Trade and Commerce of Ireland with Foreign Parts," and "An Act for allowing the Trade between Ireland and the British Colonies in America and the West Indies and the British Settlements on the Coast of Africa, to be carried on in like manner as it is now carried on between Great Britain and the said Colonies and Settlements," which Acts You shall cause to be strictly attended to and observed.

    12.  It being Our Intention that all Persons inhabiting Our Islands under Your Government, should have full Liberty of Conscience, and the free Exercise of all such modes of religious Worship as are not prohibited by Law, We do therefore hereby require You to permit all Persons within Our said Islands to have such Liberty and to exercise such Modes of Religious Worship as are not prohibited by Law, provided they be contented with a quiet and peaceable Enjoyment of the same not giving Offence or Scandal to Government.

   13
14
15
same as 23
24
25
to Rear Admiral Robert Duff, ante, p. 484.

    16.  If any thing shall happen which may be of Advantage or Security to her said Islands under Your Government, which is not herein, or by Our Commission provided for, You are hereby allowed to take order for the present therein, giving to Us by One of Our Principal Secretaries of State, speedy Notice thereof, that so You may receive Our Ratification if We shall approve of the same; Provided always that You do not by Colour of any power or authority hereby given You allow or encourage any thing to be done contrary to the true intent and meaning of the Act of 10th and 11th of King William the Third.

    17.  You are carefully and diligently to enquire and observe whether the several Rules and Orders contained in the said Act of the l0th and 11th of King William the Third for the more advantageous Management of the

p. 539

Fishery be duly observed, and whether it may be proper and necessary to make any Alteration therein, or substitute other and what Orders and Regulations in lieu thereof: and You are to inform Us, by One of Our Principal Secretaries of State, that Laws, if necessary may be proposed and enacted for those Purposes, and the Interest of Our Subjects concerned in the said Fishery.

    18.  You shall Yearly and every Year transmit to Us by One of Our Principal Secretaries of State an exact Account of the Number of the British fishing Ships and Sack Ships and Ships and Vessels from America that arrive in the Islands under Your Government.
    The Burthen of the said Ships and the number of their Men; the number of the Passengers transported by the fishing Ships.
    The Number of Boats employed by the British Fishing Ships, by the Ships from America, by the Bye Boat Keepers and by the Inhabitants.
    The Number of the Bye Boat Keepers and their Servants.
    The Quantity of Fish and Train Oil made by the British Fishing Ships, by the Ships from America, by the Boat Keepers and by the Inhabitants.
    The Value of Seal Oil, and of Furs taken by the Inhabitants last Winter.
    The Number of Stages and Trainfats belonging to the Fishery.
    The total Quantity of Fish carried to Foreign Markets.
    The Prices the said Fish and Oil are sold at, both in barter for Goods and/for Good Bills payable here.
    The Number of Public and Private Houses.
    The Number of Inhabitants and how many have been born or have died there, since the Departure of the last Years Convoy.
    Which You are to send by the first Conveyance that offers according to the usual form hereunto annexed.

    19.  And You are moreover to inform Yourself whether the Regulations at present observed by Our Subjects resorting to Newfoundland, and those resident there with respect to the Fishery, are agreeable to those contained in the said Act of the 10th & 11th of King William the Third and whether any, and what other Regulations may be necessary to be observed by them and also transmit such Information, as speedily as may be to Us, by One of Our Principal Secretaries of State.

    20.  In order to prevent any improper Conduct towards the Indian Natives of Newfoundland, It is Our Will and Pleasure that You do as soon as conveniently may be after Your Arrival cause a Proclamation in Our Name to be published and dispersed through the several Settlements in Our said Island strictly enjoining and requiring all Our Subjects to live in Amity and Kindness with the native Savages of that Island and commanding and requiring all Officers and Magistrates to use their utmost Diligence to discover and apprehend any Persons who shall be guilty of the Murder of any of the said native Savages that such Offender may be sent over to this Kingdom and

p. 540

tried for such Crime as is directed by the said Act of the 10th and 11th of King William the Third.

   21
22
23
24
25
same as 75
76
77
78
79
  to Rear Admiral Robert Duff, ante
  pp. 492, 493.

    26.  Whereas in the Scheme of the Fishery heretofore returned by some former Governors some of the Columns are left Blank, in Case You find it necessary to do so likewise, You are then to mention in such Column, whether the numbers, prices and Quantities belonging thereto are included in any other Column, and in which Column they are so included, or whether there was no fishing this Year in those Harbours, or that there was fishing, but that You had not obtained any Account thereof, and if there be any fishing in any other River or Harbour in Newfoundland, or the other Islands and Coasts under Your Government, not in this Scheme mentioned, You are to add a Column or Columns for the same, and insert therein the best Account You can get, with Your Remarks on such as You think imperfect, or doubtful in any of the particulars.

    27.  And You are hereby strictly commanded to be very exact in Your Enquiry and Examination into every particular, to which these Our Instructions have reference to endeavour to collect the Materials from which Your Answers are to be formed, from the best Authorities: And to enjoin the Admirals or other proper Officers in those Harbours to which Your personal Inspection cannot extend, to be as accurate as may be in the Returns which they shall make to You: that those Returns be properly attested and signed by them: and that the number of Ships, their Tonnage, their number of Men the places from whence they come and the Quantity of Fish taken, cured, and carried to Market by each Ship be particularly expressed, And You are likewise to transmit to Us by One of Our Principal Secretaries of State all such other Information with respect to the Fishery, as may enable Us to judge of the true and precise State of it in every particular, and of what may be further necessary for extending and improving so valuable a Branch of the Commerce of these Kingdoms.

   28
29
30
same as 71
72
73
   to Rear Admiral Richard Edwards, ante,    pp. 518-520.

    31.  And Whereas the Island of St Pierre and Miquelon which were ceded by Us to The French King by the Treaty of Paris have since the commencement of the present Hostilities been surrendered to Our Arms, since which period We are informed several of Our Subjects have settled themselves upon the said Islands for the purpose of carrying on Fisheries: Our Will and Pleasure is, and You are to take especial Care that they do in all Things as far as local Circumstances will admit, conform themselves to the several

[1927lab]



 

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