foundland, and the other Islands and Territories under your Government, not to engage in the Fishery there, nor interrupt the Fishermen in the curing of their Fish, nor to take up for themselves any Beaches, Stages, or Cookrooms upon any pretence whatsoever, upon pain of Our highest Displeasure.
18. And you are particularly to suppress the engrossing of Commodities, as tending to the prejudice of the Fishery, and the persons employed therein.
19. You shall transmit unto Us, and to Our Commissioners for Trade and Plantations in order to be laid before Us, an Account of the Arms, Ammunition, and Stores, that have been sent from Our Office of Ordnance here to Our Forts and Garrisons in Newfoundland; and likewise an Account of the State of Our said Forts; how the said Stores have been employed; and whether any of them, and how many of them, have been sold, spent, lost, decayed, or disposed of; and to whom, and to what uses; together with an Inventory of all such Arms, Ammunition, and Stores, as are remaining in Our Magazines there; as also a Duplicate thereof to Our Master General or principal Officers of Our Ordnance; which accounts are to express the particulars of Ordnance, Carriages, Ball, Powder, and all other sorts of Arms and Ammunition in Our publick Stores at your Arrival, and so yearly of what shall be sent thither, specifying the time of the disposal, and the occasion thereof.
20. Whereas by the Act for the encouragement of Trade passed in the fifteenth year of the Reign of King Charles the Second, no Commodities of the Growth, production, or Manufacture of Europe, except salt for the Fishery of New England and Newfoundland, Wines of the growth of the Madeiras, of the Growth and Production of Ireland, shall be imported into any of Our Colonies or Plantations, but what shall be bonâ fide and without Fraud laden and shipped in Great Britain, and in Ships duly qualified; And whereas Complaint has been made of Masters of Ships and others carrying on a clandestine Trade amongst the Fishing-Ships from Great Britain, with others from Our Colonies and Plantations in America, contrary to the intent and meaning of the said Act, you shall use your utmost endeavour for the due observation of the said Act.
21. You are to permit a free exercise of Religion to all persons, except Papists, so they be contented with a quiet and Peaceable Enjoyment of the same, not giving Offence or Scandal to the Government.
22. It is Our Will and Pleasure, that you do cause the Laws made against Blasphemy, Profaneness, Adultery, Fornication, Polygamy, Incest, Profanation of the Lord's Day, Swearing, and Drunkenness, to be vigorously executed, and that you take due care for the punishment of the aforementioned Vices by presentment upon Oath to be made to the Justices of the Peace in their Sessions, by their Constables, or other inferior Officers, at the several Harbours at the proper times of the Year to be appointed for that purpose;
And for the further Discouragement of Vice and Encouragement of Virtue, and good living, you are not to Admit any Person to Act as a Justice of the Peace, whose Ill Fame or Conversation may occasion Scandal; and especially You shall take care, that the Lords Day be devoutly and duly observed; that the Books of Common Prayer, as by law established in this Kingdom, be read each Sunday and Holiday; and the Blessed Sacrament Administered according to the Rites of the Church of England in all such Chapels or publick places of Worship, as are already, or may be settled there.
23. And if any Orthodox Minster there shall appear to give Scandal either by his Doctrine, or Manners, or shall Preach, or Administer the Holy Sacrament in any Orthodox Church or Chapel with being in due Orders, you shall give an Account thereof to the Lord Bishop of London.
24. And you are to take especial care, that a Table of Marriages, established by the Canons of the Church of England, be hung up in every Orthodox Church or Chappel, and duly observed.
25. If any thing shall happen, which may be of Advantage or Security to Our said Islands under Your Government, which is not herein, or by Our Commission provided for, you are hereby allowed to take order for the present herein, giving to Us, by one of Our Principal Secretaries of State, speedy notice thereof, that so you may receive Our Ratification, if We shall approve of the same; provided always, that you do not, by colour of any power or authority hereby given you, allow or encourage any thing to be done contrary to the true intent and meaning of an Act of Parliament passed in the Tenth and Eleventh Years of the Reign of King William the Third, intituled, "An Act to encourage to trade to Newfoundland," nor contrary to any of the Laws or Statutes of this Our Realm.
26. And you are, upon all Occasions, to send unto Our Commissioners for Trade and Plantations only, a particular Account of all your proceedings, and of the Condition of the Affairs of the Islands under your Government, and the Trade and Fishery thereof, and of the Banks, Seas, and parts adjacent.
27. Whereas by the said Act to encourage trade to Newfoundland, many things are enacted, for the due and orderly carrying on of the said Trade, which are necessary for your observation in inspecting the same during Your Stay in those parts; You are therefore, in order to the better regulating your conduct in that Service, to carry with you a copy of the said Act for your own Use and Government.
28. You are likewise carefully and diligently to enquire and observe, whether the several Rules and Orders, contained in the said Act for the more advantageous management of the Fishery, be duly observed by all those concerned, therein Vizt
29. You are to see that due care be taken by the Admirals in their respective Harbours, and by the Masters of the Fishing Ships using that
Trade, that no sort of Ballast, nor press Stones, or anything else hurtful to, or annoying any of the Harbours there, be thrown out of any Ship, or otherwise, to the prejudice of any of the said Harbours, and likewise to make the following enquiries.
30. Whether any person, at his departure out of the said Country, or at any other time, do destroy, deface, or do any detriment to the Stages, Cookrooms, Flakes &ca or to the materials thereunto belonging, which had been possessed by himself or others; and whether the repair the defects, that may be in their Stages, or other Conveniencys by Timber fetched out of the Woods, and not by committing any manner or spoil, or waste upon the Stages already built.
31. Whether the Admirals, Vice Admirals, or Rear Admirals or the Harbours, and the Commanders of the other fishing Ships in each Harbour, Beach and Flakes, then each of them have necessary use for; or against possessing several Places at once, to the hindrance and prejudice of others; and relating to the Election of such Places, as any of them, whose Right it is shall choose to abide in. And in case of any difference, whether the Admirals in their several Harbours do proportion the Place to the Ships, according to the number of Boats, which each of the said Ships do keep.
32. Whether those Inhabitants, or others, who since the year 1685 had engrossed several Stages, Cookrooms, Beaches, and other Places, which before that time belonged to the fishing-ships, to the prejudice of such fishing-Ships, as arrive there in the fishing season, have, according to the direction of the aforesaid Act, relinquished & left the same for the publick Use of the fishing-Ships arriving there.
33. Whether the Inhabitants have possessed, or do possess themselves of any such Stages, Cookrooms &c., or of any Trainfats, or other Conveniencies, which have belonged to any fishing-Ships at any time since the year 1685, before the yearly Arrival of the fishing Ships, and until all such Ships are provided with Stages, Cookrooms, &c. according to the said Act.
34. Whether the Bye-Boatkeepers pretend to, or meddle with any House, Stage, Cookroom, Trainfat, or other Conveniency that did belong to the fishing-Ships since the year 1685, or that has been cut out, or made by Ships after the 25th of March 1700.
35. Whether the Bye-Boatkeepers, and the Masters of fishing-Ships do carry over with them such Numbers of Fresh men, in proportion to their respective Companies of Seamen, as the Act directs; Whether they are furnished with Certificates of their having made Oath before their sailing from this Kingdom, that they do carry with them such a Number of green-Men; to whom they do produce such Certificates; and do the Admirals, or the Custom-House Officers keep any Account, or make any Return thereof?
36. Whether the Inhabitants do also employ such Numbers of fresh or green Men, as the said Act directs; and whether the Admirals take care, that they punctually comply therewith.
37. Whether any persons do presume to expunge, cut out, deface, or alter the Mark of any Boats or Trainfats of other persons; and do convert them to their own use, or remove the same from the places, where they were left by the Owners, contrary to the directions of the said Act.
38. Whether any person whatsoever rind any of the trees, set fire to any of the Woods, or do, or cause to be done any detriment or destruction to the same for any use whatsoever, excepting only for necessary Fuel, for building and repairing Houses, Ships, Boats, Train fats, Stages, Cookrooms, and other conveniences for the Fishery.
39. Whether the Rules, ordained by this Act, for preventing any Annoyance or hindrance in the hailing of Sayns in the customary baiting Places, and against the Stealing of Baits and Nets to be duly observed.
40. Whether the Admirals are careful, in order to preserve the Peace and good Government both in their respective Harbours, and on Shore, to see, that the Rules and Orders contained in the aforesaid Act be duly put in Execution, and whether each of the said Admirals do keep Journals, and exact accounts of the number of all Ships, Boats, Stages, and Trainfats, and of all the Seamen and Inhabitants employed in their respective Harbours, that the same may be delivered at their return to Great Britain as the Act directs.
41. And Whereas it has been represented to Us, that the Bye-Boat-keepers and Masters of fishing Boats do not carry over with them, and that the Inhabitants do not employ such a number of fresh or green Men, as the aforesaid Act to encourage the Trade to Newfoundland directs; and that the Admirals in the respective Harbours do not take Care to enforce a due compliance therewith, or to preserve Peace and good Government in their respective Harbours or on Shore; and that they do not keep any Journals of the number of Ships employed in the several Harbours, concerning themselves only with their own Fishery; And whereas such Omissions and Neglect tend greatly to the prejudice of Our Service, and to defeat the good Intentions of this Provision of the said Act, which is calculated for increasing the number of Seamen for the Service of Our Navy, and the promoting the Trade & Navigation of this Kingdom; It is therefore Our Will and Pleasure, and you are a due and exact compliance with the said Act for encouraging the Trade to Newfoundland; And that you do in these and all other particulars recommend to the Admirals in the respective Harbours, to keep regular Accounts, and do all such other things, as the Act directs, upon pain of Our highest displeasure.
42. You are also to enquire, whether upon any differences, that do arise in any of the Harbours, touching any of the aforesaid matters, the
Admirals of those respective Harbours do determine the same, according as the said Act directs; And in case any Persons think themselves aggrieved by the Sentences of the said Admirals, whether those Persons do appeal unto You, or unto the Commanders of Our Ships of War for a final determination, and both Parties submit accordingly thereunto.
43. Whether the Lord's day be strictly and duely observed; and whether the Inhabitants who keep any sort of Public Houses for entertainment do forbear on that day to utter or sell any sort of strong Liquor, or Tobacco, as by the said Act is directed?
44. Whether any Aliens or Strangers, not residing in the Kingdom of Great Britain, or Ireland, do resort to Newfoundland, or to the Islands adjacent thereto, and take Bait, or use any sort of Trade, or fishing whatsoever in those Parts.
45. And as you are to transmit your Answers to the foregoing Enquiries, which are founded upon the aforesaid Act of the tenth and eleventh years of the reign of King William the third; so you are likewise to take an exact account of the number of the British fishing-Ships, and Sack Ships, and Ships and Vessels from America, that arrive this year in the Islands under your Government;
The Burthen of the said Ships; and the number of their men;—The number of the Passengers transported by the fishing-Ships.
The number of Boats employed by the British fishing Ships, by the Ships from America, By the Bye Boatkeepers, and by the Inhabitants.
The number of the Bye Boatkeepers, and their Servants.
The quantity of Fish and Train-Oil made by the British fishing Ships, by the Ships from America, by the Boatkeepers, and by the Inhabitants.
The value of Seal Oil, and of Forts taken by the Inhabitants last Winter.
The Number of Stages and Train-Fats belonging to the Fishery.
The total quantity of Fish carried to foreign Markets.
The prices the said Fish and Oil are sold at, both in barter for Goods, and for good Bills payable here.
The number of public and private Houses.
The number of Inhabitants, and how many have been born, or have died there, since the departure of the last year's Convoy.
Which you are to send by the first conveyance that offers, according to the usual Form hereunto annexed.
Moreover you are particularly to inform yourself.
46. In what manner the Inhabitants are subsisted; what Land is there improved? Whether the Country produces such Provisions, as they want; and whether they have any number of Cows, Sheep, and Swine; or whether they receive any Provisions from Our Plantations in America; of what Sorts, or kind, and the Quantities thereof?