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EXTRACTS FROM DIARIES OF THE H.B. CO. POST AT NORTH WEST RIVER, LABRADOR.
July 1st (Saturday). —The cows were not found last night; the blacksmith went to look for them and returned with them at 9 o'clock. Mingan, John Baptiste came with a little fat and a small bear skin.
July 7th (Friday). —The Indians started to-day in the old whale boat for the Nascopie River, to bring down their deer meat. Spence preparing for his departure (July 8th) for Kennimish. I have decided on sending Gaghon with him, and Henry Hay and John Pierre to Kennimoe and not Ticguacmagan as I intended at first as the latter would most likely have a crowd of Indians about him and besides there is a probability of their not being able to set the nets for some time, owing to the strength of the current, and the company's men may be employed in cutting logs for the buildings that are to be erected next spring.
July 10th (Monday). —Set the net this morning. Got 6 salmon this afternoon.
July 13th (Thursday). —Got 5 salmon this afternoon.
July 18th (Tuesday). —Got 24 salmon to-day.
July 19th (Wednesday). —Went to Kennimish after dinner. They are not doing as well as I had expected, not even as many as at N.W. River. Kennimish and Kenimo have got about the same quantity, viz.: 3/4 Puncheon. Got 5 salmon to-day.
July 21st (Friday). —We are getting anxious about the Inlanders not making their appearance; those who are acquainted with the river say that some accident must have happened to keep them so long.
July 24th (Monday). —As the Inlanders have not made their appearance we have decided on sending up a canoe to see what has happened to detain them. The Indians are all about to commence building canoes so that none of them will go. As a last resource therefore I intend taking Henry Hay and Jean Pierre away from Kennimo and sending
them up, replacing them at the fishing post, by John Baptiste, Tiswisco and Johnny. I went over to Kennimish and Kennimo in the whale boat to-day and returned at 8:30 p.m. with John Pierre and Hay. Spence has got about 9 tierces of salmon and the other place ditto.
July 26th (Wednesday). —Henry Hay and J. Pierre about to start for the Grand River, but just as they were ready some Indians who came over the Portage informed us that the Nascopies were coming. They hove in sight about noon and arrived at the post at 1 p.m.
July 29th (Saturday). —The "Maggie" started this morning for the Lake. Mr. McPherson saw 2 vessels off of Mulligan at 8:30 a.m.; they are coming on slowly, the wind being ahead.
July 30th (Sunday). —The two crafts seen yesterday proved to be the Canada vessel "Jacques Cartier" and the "Volant," the Collectors schooner. Anchored off the point.
July 31st (Monday). —The two crafts came up the River this morning. Mr. McPherson and myself went on board the Collector after dinner, in compliance with his request — after a great deal of trouble I was obliged to give him a Bill of Exchange for £51 18s. 4d. before he would allow me to unload the Jacques Cartier.
Aug. 1st (Tuesday). —The Volant started (sailed) at 11 a.m.
Aug. 3rd (Thursday). —The non arrival of Mr. Smith or any other gentleman to take charge of the District cause us to fear some accident had happened to the vessel. Started at 10 a.m. in whale boat for Rigolet, but met Mr. Smith coming up in the Rigolet whale boat, so turned back and got here at 10:30 p.m.
Aug. 4th (Friday). —The Sea-boat went over last evening for the Kennimo salmon, returned to-day about 2 o'clock.
Aug. 11th (Friday). —All hands employed putting provisions, etc., on board the "Jacques Cartier." The Rigolet whale boat left for that post at 8:30 a.m.
Aug. 12th (Saturday). —J. Flett and his brother sent to the other side to cut grass. 50 bundles.
Aug. 13th (Sunday). —"Jacques Cartier" preparing for a start when being towed out she got ashore and was stuck for upwards of an hour. Capt. Dodge arrived at 7 p.m. with the schooner "Silas Arnold."
Aug. 14th (Monday). —The Inland boat left for the Rapid with supplies for Winnebogan Lake. The Jacques Cartier got under weigh at 1 p.m. for Rigolet having on board Mr. Chief Trader McPherson and family.
Aug. 16th (Wednesday). —About 5 a.m. the Lila Rich left having Mr. and Mrs. Smith on board.
Aug. 25th (Friday). —Greater part of North West River and Mingan Indians left for Grand Lake for a few days.
Aug. 26th (Saturday). —Early this morning the Nascopie Voyageurs left this in a body to return back by the Nascopie River—although I tried hard to induce them to wait a few days longer, but to no purpose. The men brought home another load of grass from Point Hebron.
Aug. 28th (Monday). —About 8 a.m. the "Lively" arrived from Rigolet having on board Mr. G. F. Smith and lady—Mrs. McPherson and family.
Aug. 29th (Tuesday). —All hands busy at the unloading of "Lively." All the Indians arrived in the evening.
Sept. 6th (Wednesday). —P. Alexander, M. Gaghon, G. Plenderleith, S. Scanlon, F. Flett, preparing to start for Inland.
Sept. 7th (Thursday). —Men under orders for Inland, but about 11 a.m. it commenced to blow so much that the boat for Inland could not start so they will have to wait until to-morrow.
Sept. 8th (Friday). —The parties for the Inland post of Fort Nascopie, and Winniwishaupon who have been detained by head winds since the 6th, set out on their journey. They consist of Chief Trader Henry Connolly, with M. Gaghon and Thos. Flett—Labourers—for Winnischapon, and Matthew Fortescue, Clerk, with Jas. Connolly and Ed. Richards, Jr. for Nascopie, E. Richards Sr. to proceed to Ungava, Louis the Iriquois who remains as a Trapper and a Nascopie Indian, and five men, viz.: Jean Pierre, A. Cameron, P. Alexander, Geo. Plenderleith and T. Scanlon who are to return to N. W. River after assisting Mr. Fortescue with the transport of the Goods to Nascopie, Scanlon the carpenter is also to make some necessary repairs to the Inland posts besides the above mentioned individuals. Eleven Indians have gone as crew to the Winnokapau boat. They are seven men from Mingan and four from this post, viz.: S. Maskima, J. Baptiste Ashenie and John Ashenie and J. Bapt. Mingan. They were accompanied by the Maggie Boat—William Spence and John Flett to English Point.
Sept. 9th (Saturday). —J. B. Mingan and Witshesa got some supplies, the latter to account of Winnokhapau and will leave early to-morrow morning.
Sept. 10th (Sunday). —The Sea Boat Maggie returned to-day bringing the Kennimish and Kennimo nets and a few salmon which remained at the latter place. J. B. Mingan and Witshesa left this forenoon.
Sept. 13th (Wednesday). —Ticguapeuagon and Picheca left for their hunting grounds.
Sept. 14th (Thursday). —A good many of the Nascopie furs were found to be damp and mouldy and had to be hung out to dry and rubbed down.
Sept. 15th (Friday). —Baikie went out to look for the cows but was unable to find them.
Sept. 16th (Saturday). —Baikie off after the cows. He found them and returned with them at 10 a.m.
Sept. 17th (Sunday). —About 4 p.m. the Rigolet whale boat arrived. D. Munroe, Carl Bruman, and Wm. Goudie on board; they report that the bark "Ocean Nymph" that left Rigolet for Ungava some 3 weeks ago returned to Tub Harbour on her way back to Rigolet. Mr. Chief Trader McPherson arrived about 5 p.m.
Sept. 23rd (Saturday). —Preparing to send Lively to Rigolet with 3 barrels of potatoes and 1 of turnips. Snowing occasionally during the afternoon.
Oct. 15th (Sunday). —About 6 p.m. A. Cameron, George Plenderleith, Peter Alexander and Thos. Scanlon arrived from the Hamilton River.
Oct. 16th (Monday). —Flett and Hay preparing for their departure for Hamilton River.
Dec. 30th (Saturday). —The men variously employed at the post. About noon Wm. Spence and P. Alexander returned from Nascopie River; they have caught 16 martens. A. Cameron and D. Munroe also came home this evening; they have got 13 martens, and at North West River we have got 33 martens, being 4 more than both the others put together.
Feb. 19th (Monday). —Mr. A. Cameron and Munroe left with the Winnokapau packet.
Feb. 28th (Wednesday). —Men from the Lake came home at 1 p.m. with 111 flat boards.
Oct. 27th (Saturday). —Myself and party, viz.: Wm. Scott, F. Hope, Geo. Plenderleith, H. Hay and John Murry arrived here from Winowokapau Lake at 4 o'clock p.m. found the post in charge of Edward Brown, the house stores, etc. being all securely locked.
Nov. 2nd (Friday). —D. Irvine and crew returned from Sabaschon with the whale bout at 5 o'clock this morning, after breakfast Baikie commenced preparing for his departure from Muskrat Island, at about 1 p.m. I was surprised by the arrival of 3 canoes, belonging to Picheca
Ticguappemagon and their families, they have been very ill and unable to hunt so they came down with the intention I believe of proceeding on to Sabaschon to fish for trout. Baikie, and Wm. Scott and H. Hay and his daughter, left at 2 p.m. the two former for Rat Island and the latter for Sandy Bank.
Jan. 1st (Tuesday). —New Year's Day. Some planters arrived to spend New Year. Indians came about noon and left again.
Jan. 15th (Tuesday). —F. Hope arrived last evening from Nascopie River hunting post. He got 15 martens and 1 mink.
Jan. 22nd (Tuesday). —About 11 a.m. 2 Indians, viz., Joseph Petu and Domineque St. Ange arrived from Kiminow River. Mr. Fortescue and 2 men accompanied them as far as Gull Island. Their provisions at Winniwpau being exhausted, they were obliged to come down to Gull Island for a fresh supply.
Feb. 22nd (Friday). —The Indians all about here.
Feb. 24th (Sunday). —Indians all left to-day.
May 1st (Wednesday). —Indians all hanging about here still.
May 3rd (Friday). —Most of the Indians left to-day for York Island, where they are to camp during seal hunting.
May 4th (Saturday). —The last of the Indians left to-day for Pork Island, Baikie and Hope came over from Kennimish at noon. They came for provisions and to see if they were to remain there all spring.
May 7th (Tuesday). —The Indians who accompanied Mr. Connolly to Rigolet came back to-day. I received letters from Rigolet dated 4th inst. Irvine is to go down at once the scows are now finished.
May 11th (Saturday). —Irvine set off for Rigolet at 7 a.m. He is accompanied as far as Sabaschon by Plenderleith.
May 12th (Sunday). —All the Indians came up from Pork Island they have killed amongst them about 40 seals; the geese have come, about 50 of them flew past yesterday. Winter is at last over. (Grace a Dieu.)
May 14th (Tuesday). —I sent the Indian boys over to Kennimish to-day for Baikie and Hope. We cannot get on without them here, after the gardens are finished there is a great deal of work to do about the boat and the post in general that it is impossible to let the men remain at Kennimish and have the work done at the place as well.
June 2nd (Sunday). —Mr. M. Fortescue and men arrived to-day from Winniwkopau.
June 17th (Monday). —The schooner hauled out of the River at 3 p.m. At about 9 p.m. Mr. Fortescue, and 2 Indians went on board of her as