In the Privy Council


IN  THE  MATTER   of   the   BOUNDARY    between   the 
     DOMINION   of    CANADA     and   the   COLONY   of
     NEWFOUNDLAND in the LABRADOR PENINSULA.



ORDER OF MATTERS DEALT WITH IN THE OPENING SPEECHES
FOR THE DOMINION OF CANADA.



SPEECH OF THE RIGHT HON. SIR H. P. MACMILLAN, K.C.

p. ix

Pages. Reference in Printed Documents.
 
333-334 Definition of duties of Judicial Committee under terms of reference      . .     . .     . .     . .     . .     . .     . .     . .
334-337 Documents upon which decision depends, and method of interpretation      . .     . .     . .     . .     . .     . .     . .
337-338 Newfoundland had no territory on Continent in 1808
338-339 Effect of Act of 1809      . .     . .     . .     . .     . .     . . Vol. I, p. 195.
339 Newfoundland's title a “ title by reference ”      . .     . .
344-345 Sequence of events in 1763      . .     . .     . .     . .     . . Vol. I, pp.
149,
330 ;
Vol. II, pp.
391,
406 ;
Vol. VIII,
p. 4215.
345 Consequences of Treaty of Paris      . .     . .     . .     . . Vol. I, p. 330.
345-347 Fisheries first disposed of      . .     . .     . .     . .     . . Vol. II, p. 386.
347 Act 10-11 Wm. III, code of law for governors of Newfoundland      . .     . .     . .     . .     . .     . .     . .     . . Vol. I, p. 250.
349 Lords of Trade directions in consequence of Coast of Labrador being put under care and inspection of Governor of Newfoundland      . .     . .     . .     . .     . . P. 389.
350-4 Discussion of Graves' instructions, showing fisheries alone in contemplation      . .     . .     . .     . .     . .     . . Vol. II, p. 391.
350-1 Description of Graves' authority as “ Command ”      . . Vol. II, p. 391.
355-6 Newfoundland Governors' administration in Labrador practically confined to coast      . .     . .     . .     . .     . .
357 Graves' commission practically indentical with Drake's (1759), except as regards Labrador      . .     . .     . .     . . Vol. IV, p. 1844.
 
p. x

SPEECH OF THE RIGHT HON. SIR H. P. MACMILLAN, K.C.—Continued.
358-9 The purpose in putting coast of Labrador under Governor of Newfoundland      . .     . .     . .     . .     . .
360 The size of Newfoundland      . .     . .     . .     . .     . .
361 The extent of Newfoundland's claim on Labrador      . .
361 Import of word “ coast ”      . .     . .     . .     . .     . .     . .
362 What not coast on Labrador Peninsula is Indian territory      . .     . .     . .     . .     . .     . .     . .     . .
363-379 Coast of Labrador being settled, new interior possessions dealt with      . .     . .     . .     . .     . .     . . Vol. III, pp.
899-925.
372 Coast of Labrador attached to Newfoundland because latter is only temporary fishery      . .     . .     . .     . . Vol. III, p. 909.
373 379 Indian territories      . .     . .     . .     . .     . .     . .     . . Vol. III, p. 910
378 Territorial aspects of assignment to Newfoundland on mainland negligible      . .     . .     . .     . .     . .     . .     . .
379 Two points on which Newfoundland's case hinges—height of land limits of Hudson's Bay territory, and no Indian territory in part claimed by Newfoundland      . .
384 Discussion of Lord Colville's instructions      . .     . .     . . Vol. VIII, p. 4215.
385-6 Indian title merely one of occupancy      . .     . .     . . Vol. III, p. 921.
386 Discussion of Proclamation of Oct. 7, 1763.      . .     . . Vol. I, p. 153.
386-393 Discussion of section dealing with coast of Labrador in Proclamation      . .     . .     . .     . .     . .     . .     . .     . . Vol. I, p. 154.
393 Discussion of term “ coast ” as applied to Labrador.
395 Newfoundland not to have regular civil government. Likened to ship      . .     . .     . .     . .     . .     . .     . . Vol. III, p. 909 ;
Vol. IV, pp.
1909 and

1916.
399 Palliser's report as to extent of his jurisdiction      . . Vol. III, p. 956.
401 Discussion of Indian territory in Labrador Peninsula Vol. I, p. 156.
405 Discussion of Murray's report of June 5, 1762, as regards Labrador Indians      . .     . .     . .     . .     . .     . . Vol. III, p. 893
408
413
Governor of Newfoundland not authorized to issue licencese for Indian trade      . .     . .     . .     . .     . .     . .
409 Discussion of statement that interior of Labrador contained nothing but a few Esquimaux      . .     . .     . . P.9
(Newfoundland
case) ;

Vol. V, pp.
2609,
2630,
2640,2641.
 
p. xi

SPEECH OF THE RIGHT HON. SIR H. P. MACMILLAN, K.C.—Continued.
413-417 Incongruity of instructions to Governor of Newfoundland. and the fact that Indians were Roman Catholics, protected by Articles of Capitulation and Treaty of Paris.      . .     . .     . .     . .     . .     . .     . . Vol. II, p. 423.
422-450 Establishment of the fact that the Labrador hinterland was occupied by Indians and that Proclamation of 1763 reserved it as Indian territories.      . .     . .     . .     . . Vol. I, p. 156 ;
Map 26,
Map 33 ;
Vol. V, p. 2646,
2651 ;
Vol. VI, pp.
2760,
2766 ;
Vol. VII, pp. 3208,
3210, 3254 ;
Map 21 ;
Vol. VIII, pp.
3736,
3739.
451-460 Discussion of report of House of Commons Committee of 1857 on Hudson's Bay Company's rights. Correction of sonic misapprehensions      . .     . .     . .     . .     . . Vol. V, pp.
2279-2292.
458-469 Origin of “ height of land ” theory      . .     . .     . .     . . Ontario
-Manitoba
Boundary
Case, 1884.
470-488 Discussion of “ height of land ” theory      . .     . .     . .
470-473 Discussion of Mitchell's map (1755) as bearing on question      . .     . .     . .     . .     . .     . .     . .     . .     . . Newfoundland
Case, p. 8 ;
Map 11.
473-480 Discussion of Sir George Simpson's evidence (1857) Vol. I, p. 240 ;
Vol. V, p.
2280 ;

Map 1.
480-488 Discussion of bearing of Ontario-Manitoba Boundary Case on “ height of land ” theory      . .     . .     . .     . . Vol. V, pp.
2135-2151.
489 Contradictory character of claims based on Mitchell's map (1755)      . .     . .     . .     . .     . .     . .     . .     . .
490-499 State of Newfoundland when Governor was given care and inspection of coast of Labrador      . .     . .     . . Vol. III, p. 1139 ;
Vol. IV, pp.
1847,
1905,
1916, 1943.
500-503 Instances of civil and criminal jurisdiction conferred, the areas being undefined ; Hudson's Bay territory ; French Shore in Newfoundland.      . .     . .     . .     . .     . . Vol. II, p. 397
Vol. V, pp.
2185-2210.
504-407 [sic] Distances above high water-mark reserved for fishing purposes      . .     . .     . .     . .     . .     . .     . .     . . Vol. II, pp. 548,
621.
508-511 Duty of Judicial Committee to discover latent boundary line in Proclamation and Commission, and evidence of possession      . .     . .     . .     . .     . .     . .
511-513 Discussion of Agnew s application, and objection of Lords of Trade      . .     . .     . .     . .     . .     . .     . . Vol. III, p.
1080.
 
p. xii

SPEECH OF THE RIGHT HON. SIR H. P. MACMILLAN, K.C.—Continued.
513-523 Development of Newfoundland towards colonial status Vol. I, p. 149 ;
Vol. III, pp.
928,
929 ;
Vol. IV, pp.
1848,
1853,
1858, 1861,
1868, 1870,
1878, 1879.
523-534 Governor Palliser's instructions and administration      . . Vol. II, pp.
391,
393,
411 ;
Vol. III, pp.
930,
933-936.
525 Account. of Esquimaux and Moravians      . .     . .     . . Vol. III, pp.
930,
933-936,
949.
532-534 Account of Act 10-11 Wm. III, c. 25      . .     . .     . . Vol. I, p. 250.
535-552 Account of Quebec Act, 1774      . .     . .     . .     . .     . . Vol. III, pp.
937,
1075 ;
Vol. I, p. 158 ;
Map, 11.
554-556 Account of Act of 1809      . .     . .     . .     . .     . .     . . Vol. I, p. 190 ;
Vol. III, pp.
1194,
1198.
556-575, 580 Account of Act of 1825      . .     . .     . .     . .     . .     . .
580-588 Discussion of southern boundary of Newfoundland's claim      . .     . .     . .     . .     . .     . .     . .     . .     . . Map with
Newfound-
land's Case ;
Maps, 16,
27 ;

Vol. III, p. 910.
588-595 Comparison of commissions and instructions to Governors of Quebec and Newfoundland respectively, to show what Quebec got by Quebec Act (1774)      . . Vol. II, pp.
641-673,

820-840 ;
Vol. III,
p. 1156.
595-596 Labrador Indians included in Canadian census      . . Vol. VIII, pp.
3727-3735.
596-598 Variations in descriptions of coast of Labrador in Newfoundland Governors' Commissions.      . .     . . Vol. II, pp.
683,
685,
716.
528-608[sic] Discussion of Judge Pinsent's correspondence (1888) Vol. I, p. 244 ;
Vol. II, pp.
339-361 ;

Map 35,
Newfoundland.
608 Discussion of Lord Dufferin's statement (1874)      . . Vol. V, pp.
2294-2308 ;

Map 32A,
Newfoundland.
 
p. xiii

SPEECH OF THE RIGHT HON. SIR H. P. MACMILLAN, K.C.—Continued.
610-617 Discussion of Moravian grants, and Moravian annals Newfoundland
map not
reprinted

Vol. III, pp.
963,
1347.
616-617 Limited intercourse with, and knowledge of, Indians by Moravians      . .     . .     . .     . .     . .     . .     . .     . . Vol. VIII, pp.
4176-4182.
618-623 Discussion of Canadian Statute 61 Vic. c. 3, respecting the North-Western, Northern and North-Eastern Boundaries of Province of Quebec.      . .     . .     . .     . . Vol. I, p. 246 ;
Vol. VIII, pp.
4005,
4006,
4015 ; Map
12.
623 Discussion of Lake Melville      . .     . .     . .     . .     . . Maps 13, 15 ;
Vol. V, pp.
2169,
2257,
2319-2522,
2415 ;
Vol. VIII, pp.
3789-3949.
 
SPEECH OF MR. AIMÉ. GEOFFRION, K.C.

661 Importance of Proclamation among essential documents
662-668
672-683
Construction of Proclamation as relating to Coast of Labrador, and territorial reserves for Indians.      . .     . . Vol. I, pp.
154-156 ;

Vol. III, p. 910.
Vol. VIII, pp.
4014,
4068,
4093, 4094.
669-679 Hudson's Bay Company's territorial rights in Labrador, and care taken to safeguard them      . .     . .     . .     . . Vol. II, p. 389 ;
Vol. III, pp.
1070-1081 ;

Vol. VIII, pp.
4103,
4110,
4093.
683 How Canada came to acquire interior of Labrador      . . Vol. I, pp.
158,
244.
685-687 Discussion of limitation suggested by words “ the source of the rivers which fall into the river St. Lawrence,” as regards Indian reservations.      . .     . . Vol. III, p. 910.
687-691 Account of Indians inhabiting Labrador Peninsula      . .
690 Description of Labrador Peninsula      . .     . .     . .     . . Vol. V, p. 2603.
692 Discussion of the depth of the Coast of Labrador      . . Vol. I, pp.
151,
153,
154.
694-696 Instances of jurisdiction without definite boundaries. Vol. I, p. 331 ;
Vol. II, p. 368.
696 Discussion of phrase “ territories, islands and countries ” in Quebec Act (1774)      . .     . .     . .     . .     . .     . .     . . Vol. I, p. 158.
 

p. xiv

SPEECH OF THE RIGHT HON. SIR H. P. MACMILLAN, K.C.—Continued.
696-697 Discussion of Act of 1825      . .     . .     . .     . .     . . Vol. I, pp.
210-211.
697-700 Discussion of how far possession gives or confirms title      . .     . .     . .     . .     . .     . .     . .     . .     . .     . .
700-701 Discussion of depth of coast required for fishery      . .
702-707 Discussion of Moravian grants, and Esquimaux      . . Vol. III, pp.
1321,
1331,
1347 ;
Vol. V, p. 2568.
707-709 Discussion of Judge Peterson's proceedings in the case of J.O. Brunet & Co. vs. J. Bird (1826, 1828).      . . Vol. III, pp.
1406,
1412.
709 Dominion's indifference to acts of jurisdiction on coast proper. Doubts as to Rigolet.      . .     . .     . .     . .     . .
709 Vaccination of Indians at North West River in 1873 merely an act of humanity      . .     . .     . .     . .     . . Vol III, p. 1475.
710-11 Valuelessness of affidavits produced from residents on coast      . .     . .     . .     . .     . .     . .     . .     . .     . .
711 Evidence from Newfoundland as to Indians being French and Catholic      . .     . .     . .     . .     . .     . .     . . Vol. III, pp.
1559,
1475.
712 Absence of court on Labraador Coast from 1834 to 1863 ; and complaints from frequenters      . .     . .     . . Vol. III, pp.
1425-7,

1430, 1492.
713-714 Collection of Duties by Newfoundland      . .     . .     . . Vol. III, pp.
1514,
1518,
1519.
714-724 Evidence of Canada's possession of Labrador Peninsula, French period      . .     . .     . .     . .     . .     . .     . . Vol. VI, pp.
2704,
2707,
2709, 2712,
2716, 2719,
2722, 2724.
728-732 Number of Labrador Indians in comparison with other North American tribes      . .     . .     . .     . .     . .     . . Vol. V, pp.
2287,
2608,
2622, 2653,
Eleventh
Census, U.S.
732-735 Relations of Roman Catholic Church at Quebec to Labrador Indians      . .     . .     . .     . .     . .     . .     . . Vol. VI, pp.
2705,
2707,
2772, 2797,
2820, 2966-
3084.
735-745 Trading relations of Canada with Labrador Indians      . . Vol. VII, pp.
3331,
3351,
3357.
 
p. xv
738-743 Trade an jurisdiction and Canadian possession in Lake Melville district      . .     . .     . .     . .     . .     . .     . . Vol. III, p. 1222 ;
Vol. VII, pp.
3356-3420.
743-745 Range of King's Domain or King's Posts      . .     . .     . . Vol. VI, pp.
2761,
2835-
2965.
746-747 Relations of Montagnais with British Government after Conquest      . .     . .     . .     . .     . .     . .     . .     . . Vol. VI, p. 2761 ;
Vol. VII, pp.
3234,
3243.
747 Boundary of Hudson's Bay Company's territory in Labrador Peninsula      . .     . .     . .     . .     . .     . .     . . Vol. III, pp.
1079-1080 ;

Vol. VIII,
p. 4110.

[1927lab]




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