C.O. 5. 69.
TREATY MADE AT FORT STANWIX ON THE
5th NOVEMBER, 1768
5 Nov., 1768.
To all to whom these presents shall come or may concern, We the Suchems and chiefs of the six confederate nations and of the Sharwanese, Delawarese, Mingoes of Ohio and other dependant tribes on behalf of ourselves and the rest of our several nations, the chiefs and warriors of whom are now here convened by Sir Wm. Johnson. Bart., his Majesties Superintendant of our affairs send Greeting. Whereas his Majesty was graciously pleased to propose to us in the year 1765 that a boundary line should be fixed between the English and us to ascertain and establish our limits and prevent those intrusions and encrochments of which we had so long and loudly complained and to put a stop to the many fraudulent advantages which had been so often taken of us in land affairs which boundary appearing to us as a wise and good measure we did then agree to a part of a line and promised to settle the whole finally whensoever Sir Wm. Johnson should be fully empowered to treat with us for that purpose. And Whereas his said Majesty has at length given Sir Wm. Johnson orders to compleat the said boundary line between the provinces and Indians in conformity to which orders Sir Wm. Johnson has convened the chiefs and warriors of our respective nations who are the true and absolute proprietors of the lands in question and who are here now to a very considerable number. And whereas many uneasiness and doubts have arisen amongst us which have given rise to an apprehension that the line may not be strictly observed on the part of the English, in which case matters may be worse than before which apprehension together with the dependant state of some of our tribes and other circumstances which retarded the settlement and became the subject of some debate, Sir Wm. Johnson has at length so far satisfied us upon as to induce us to come to an agreement concerning the line which is now brought to a conclusion the whole being fully explained to us in a large assembly of our people before Sir Wm. Johnson and in the presence of his Excellency the Governor of New Jersey the Commissioners from the provinces of Virginia and Pennsylvania and sundry other gentlemen by which line so agreed upon a considerable tract of country along several provinces is by us ceded to his said Majesty which we are induced to and do hereby ratify and confirm to his said Majesty from the expectation and confidence we place in his royal goodness that he will graciously comply with our humble requests as the same are expressed in the speech of the several nations addressed to His Majesty through Sir Win. Johnson on Tuesday the first day of the present month of November wherein we have declared our expectations of the continuance of his Majesty's favour and our desire that our antient
engagements be observed and our affairs attended to by the officer who has the management thereof enabling him to discharge all these matters properly for our interest that the lands occupied by the Mohocks around their villages as well as by any other nation affected by this our cession may effectually remain to them and to their posterity and that any engagements regarding property which they may now be under may be prosecuted and our present Grants deemed valid on our parts with the several other humble requests contained in our said speech. And Whereas at the settling of the said line it appeared that the line described by his Majesty's order was not extended to the Northward of Owegy or to the Southward of great Kanhawa river we have agreed to and continued the line to the Northward on a supposition that it was omitted by reason of our not having come to any determination concerning its course at the Congress held in 1765 and in as much as the line to the Northward became the most necessary of any for preventing encochements at our very towns and residences, We have given the line more favor-ably to Pennsylvania for the reasons and considerations mentioned in the Treaty. We have likewise continued it South to Cherokee river because the same is and we do declare it to be our true bounds with the Southern Indians and that line an undoubted right to the country as far South as that river which makes our cession to his Majesty much more advantageous than that proposed. Now therefore know ye that we the Sachems and Chiefs aforementioned, native Indians and proprietors of the lands hereinafter described for and in behalf of ourselves and the whole of our confederacy for the consideration hereinbefore mentioned and also for and in consideration of a valuable present of the several articles in use amongst Indians which together with a large sum of money amounts in the whole to the sum of £10,460-7-3 sterling now delivered and paid by Sir William Johnson, Bart., his Majesty's sole agent and Superintendant of Indian affairs for the Northern department of America in the naine and on behalf of our sovereign lord George the Third by the Grace of God of Great Britain, France and Ireland, King defender of the faith the receipt whereof we do hereby acknowledge We the said Indians Have for us our heirs and successors granted, bargained, sold, released and confirmed and by these presents do grant, bargain, sell, release and confirm unto our said sovereign Lord King George the Third all that tract of land situate in North America at the back of the British settlements Bounded by a line which we have now agreed upon and do hereby establish as the boundary between us and the British colonies in America beginning at the mouth of Cherokee or Hogohege river where it emptys into the river Ohio and running from thence upwards along the South side of said river to Kittanning which is above Fort Pitt from thence by a direct line to the nearest Fork of the West Branch of Sasquehanna thence through the Allegany mountains along the South side of the said West branch until it comes opposite to the mouth of a creek called Tiadaghton thence across the west branch and along the South side of that creek and along the North side of Burnets Hills to a creek called Awandae thence down the same to the East branch of Sasquehanna and across the same and up the East side of that river to Owegy from thence East to Delaware river and up that river
to opposite where Tianaderha falls into Sasquehanna thence to Tianaderha and up the West side thereof and the West side of its West branch to the head thereof and thence by a direct line to Canada Creek where it emptys into the wood creek at the West end of the carrying place beyond Fort Stanwix and extending Eastward from every part of the said line as far as the lands formerly purchased so as to comprehend the whole of the lands between the said line and the purchased lands or settlements except what is within the province of Pennsylvania together with all the hereditaments and appurtenances to the same belonging or appertaining in the fullest and most ample manner and all the estate, right, title, interest, property, possession, benefit, claim and demand either in law or equity of each and every of us of in or to the same or any part thereof. To have and to hold the whole lands and premises hereby granted, bargained, sold, released and confirmed as aforesaid with the hereditaments and appurtenances thereunto belonging under the reservations made in the Treaty unto our said sovereign Lord King George the Third, his heirs and successors to and for his and their own proper use and behoof for ever.
In witness whereof we the chiefs of the Confederacy have hereunto set our marks and seals at Fort Stanwix the fifth day of November 1768 in the ninth year of His Majesty's reign.
Sealed and delivered and the consideration paid in the presence of (the words humble and notions between the l3th and 14th lines interline, the words Cherokee or Kehohega in the 30th line, the words above Fort Pitt in the 31st line being first wrote on an erasure, the words except what is within the province of Pennsylvania interline between
being first written).
WM. FRANKLIN, Govr of New Jersey.
Pre : SMITH, Chief Justice of New Jersey.
THOMAS WALKER, Commissioner for Virginia.
||of the Council of Pennsylvania.
The above deed was executed in my presence at Fort Stanwix the day and year above-written.
[The Signs of the Indian Chiefs follow.]
Deed of Cession to the King From the Six nations executed at Fort Stanwix Nov. 5, 1768.
Copy entd 110
Ind. Proc. Vol.
10th Page 207
A true copy examined by G. JOHNSON,