PROCLAMATION OF LIEUT.-GOVERNOR OF QUEBEC OF 18TH NOVEMBER, 1791,
FIXING THE DAY FOR THE COMMENCEMENT OF THE NEW CONSTITUTION.¹
GEORGE THE THIRD by the Grace of GOD of Great Britain France and Ireland KING Defender of the Faith and so forth —
To all Our loving Subjects whom these Presents may concern
GREETING—WHEREAS We have thought fit by and with the Advice of Our Privy Council by Our Order in Council dated in the month of August last to order that Our Province of Quebec should be divided into two Distinct Provinces to be called the Province of Upper Canada and the Province of Lower Canada by separating the said two Provinces according to the following Line of division vizt To commence at a Stone boundary on the North Bank of the Lake St Francis at the Cove West of Pointe au Bodet in the limit between the Township of Lancaster and the Seigneurie of new Longueuil running along the said Limit in the direction of North Thirty four degrees West to the Westermost Angle of the said Seigneurie of New Longueuil thence along the North western Boundary of the Seigneurie of Vaudreuil running North Twenty five degrees East until it strikes the Ottawas River to ascend the said River into the Lake Tomiscanning and from the Head of the said Lake by a line drawn due North until it strikes the boundary line of Hudson's Bay including all the Territory to the Westward and Southward of the said line to the utmost extent of the Country commonly called or known by the name of Canada AND WHEREAS by an Act passed in the last Session of Parliament intituled An Act to repeal certain parts of an Act passed in the fourteenth Year of His Majesty's Reign intituled An Act for making more effectual Provision for the Government of the Province of Quebec in North America and to make further Provision for the Government of the said Province It is provided that by reason of the distance of the said Provinces from Great Britain and the charge to be made by the said Act in the Government thereof it may be necessary that there should be some interval of Time between the notification of the said Act to the said Provinces respectively and the day of its commencement within the said Provinces respectively And that it should be Lawful for Us
with the advice of Our Privy Council to fix and declare or to authorize the Governor or Lieutenant Governor of Our Province of Quebec or the Person administering the Government there to fix and declare the day of the Commencement of the said Act within the said Provinces respectively provided that such day shall not be later than the Thirty first day of December One thousand seven hundred and ninety one¹ AND WHEREAS in pursuance of the said Act We have thought fit by another order in Council bearing date the Twenty fourth Day of August last to Authorize Our Governor or in His Absence Our Lieutenant Governor or the Person administering the Government or Our said Province of Quebec to fix and declare such Day as he should judge most advisable for the Commencement of the said Act within the Province of Upper Canada and the Province of Lower Canada respectively And to that effect have by Our Warrant to Our right Trusty and wellbeloved Guy Lord Dorchester Captain General and Governor in Chief in and over Our said Province of Quebec or in his absence to Our Lieutenant Governor or Commander in Chief of Our said Province for the time being under Our Signet and Royal Sign manual bearing date at St James's the Twelfth day of September last Signified Our Will and pleasure that He take the necessary measures accordingly KNOW YE therefore that Our Trusty and Wellbeloved Alured Clarke Esquire Our Lieutenant Governor of Our said Province of Quebec in the absence of Our said Governor Hath Judged it most adviseable to fix upon Monday the Twenty sixth day of December next for the Commencement of the said Act within the Provinces aforesaid respectively and it is accordingly hereby declared that the said Act of Parliament intituled An Act to repeal certain parts of an Act passed in the fourteenth Year of His Majesty's Reign intituled An Act for making more effectual Provision for the Government of the Province of Quebec in North America and to make further Provision for the Government of the said Province shall commence within the said Provinces of Upper Canada and Lower Canada respectively on Monday the said Twenty sixth Day of December in this present Year One thousand seven hundred and Ninety one of which all OUR loving Subjects and all others concerned are to take notice and govern themselves accordingly IN TESTIMONY Whereof We have caused these Our Letters to be made Patent and the Great Seal of OUR said Province of Quebec to be hereunto affixed WITNESS OUR Trusty and Wellbeloved ALLURED CLARKE ESQ OUR
Lieutenant Governor and Commander in Chief of OUR said Province of Quebec Major General Commanding OUR Forces in North America &c &c &c at OUR Castle of Saint Lewis in the City of Quebec this Eighteenth Day of November in the Year of OUR Lord One thousand seven hundred and Ninety one and in the Thirty second Year of OUR Reign.
[¹(185) From the original parchment, Canadian Archives, Proclamations, Lower Canada, 1791. The Proclamation was published in the Quebec Gazette of December 1, 1791.]
¹(186) See Article XLVIII. of the Constitutional Act. 31 Geo. III. cap. 31 (Imperial).