The Labrador Boundary


Privy Council Documents


Volume I
Contents




[24 Aug.,
1791.]

Page 182
sponsored by
Michael Chandler,
Iqaluit, NU

Page 183
sponsored by
Nina Goudie,
St. John's,
NL


p. 182
JOINT


No. 28.

1791.  IMPERIAL ORDER IN COUNCIL OF THE 24th AUGUST, 1791.¹



At the Court of St. James's, the 24th of August, 1791.

PRESENT:
THE KING'S MOST EXCELLENT MAJESTY.
    Lord Chamberlain,                       Lord Dover,
    Lord Frederick Campbell,            Mr Secretary Dundas,
    Lord Grenville,                             Mr Chancelr of the Exchequer.

    Whereas there was this Day read at the Board, a Report² from the Right Honorable the Lords of the Committee of council dated the 19th of this Instant in the words following,: vizt.

    "Your Majesty having been pleased by Your Order in Council bearing date the 17th of this Instant, to refer unto this Committee a Letter from the Right Honorable Henry Dundas, One of Your Majesty's Principal Secretaries of State, to the Lord President of the Council, transmitting a printed Copy of an Act passed in the last Session of Parliament Entitled "An Act to repeal certain parts of an Act passed in the fourteenth year of His Majesty's Reign, entitled An Act for making more effectual provision for the Government of the Province of Quebec in North America and to make further Provision for the Government of the said Province;" And also Copy of a Paper presented to Parliament previous to the passing of the said Act, describing the Line proposed to be drawn for dividing the Province of Quebec into Two separate Provinces, agreeable to Your Majesty's Royal Intention, signified by Message to both Houses of Parliament,³ to be called the Province of Upper Canada and the Province of Lower Canada, and stating that by section 48 of the said Act, It is provided, that by reason of the distance of the said Provinces from this Country and of the change to be made by the said Act in the Government thereof, it may be necessary that there should be some . . ."

p. 183

". . . Interval of Time between the Notification of the said Act to the said Provinces respectively, and the day of its commencement within the said Provinces respectively, and that it should be lawful for Your Majesty with the Advice of Your Privy Council to fix and Declare, or to Authorize the Governor or Lieutenant Governor of the Province of Quebec, or the person Administering the Government there, to fix and declare the day of commencement of the said Act within the said Provinces respectively, Provided that such Day shall not be later than the 31st of December 1791: The Lords of the Committee in Obedience to Your Majesty's said Order of Reference this Day took the said Letter into their Consideration, together with the Act of Parliament therein referred to, and likewise Copy of the said Paper describing the Line proposed to be drawn for separating the Province of Upper Canada, and the Province of Lower Canada; And Their Lordships do thereupon agree humbly to Report as Their Opinion to Your Majesty, That it may be advisable for Your Majesty by Your Order in Council to divide the province of Quebec into Two distinct Provinces by separating the Province of Upper Canada, and the Province of Lower Canada, according to the Line of Division described in the said paper (Copy of which is hereunto annexed); And The Lords of the Committee are further of Opinion, that it may be advisable for Your Majesty, by Warrent under Your Royal Sign Manual to Authorize the Governor or Lieutenant Governor of the Province of Quebec, or the person Administering the Government there, to fix and Declare such Day for the Commencement of the said beforementioned Act within the said Two Provinces of Upper & Lower Canada respectively, as the said Governor or Lieutenant Governor of the Province of Quebec, or the person Administering the Government there, shall judge most advisable, Provided that such day shall not be later, than the 31st Day of December in the present year 1791."

    His Majesty this Day took the said Report into His Royal Consideration, and approving of what is therein proposed, is pleased, by and with the Advice of His Privy Council to Order (as it is hereby Ordered) that the Province of Quebec by divided into Two distinct Provinces, to be called the province of Upper Canada, and the province of Lower Canada, by separating the said two Provinces, according to the following Line of Division—vizt

    "To commence at a Stone Boundary, on the North Bank of the Lake St. Francis; At the Cove west of pointe au Bodet, in the limit between the Township of Lancaster and the Signeurie of new Longueuil running along the said limit in the direction of North Thirty four degrees; West to the Westermost Angle of the said Seigneurie of New Longueuil, thence along the North western boundary of the Seigneurie of Vaudreuil running North Twenty five Degrees, East until it strikes the Ottawas River to ascend the said River into the Lake Tomiscanning, and from the head of the said Lake, by a line drawn due North until it strikes the boundary line of Hudsons Bay, including all the Territory to the westward and southward of the said Line, to the utmost Extent of the Country commonly called or known . . ."

p. 184

" . . . by the Name of Canada." Whereof the Governor, Lieutenant Governor or Commander in Chief of the Province of Quebec, and all other His Majesty's Officers in the said Provinces, and all whom it may concern, are to take Notice, and to Yield due obedience to His Majesty's Pleasure hereby signified.

    Whereas there was this Day read at the Board, a Report from the Right Honorable the Lords of the Committee of Council, dated the 19th of this Instant, in the words following, vizt

    "Your Majesty having been pleased by Your Order in Council &c. &c. . . . 1791."

    His Majesty this Day took the said Report into His Royal consideration, and approving of what is therein proposed, was pleased, by and with the Advice of His Privy Council to Order, that the Province of Quebec be divided into Two distinct Provinces, to be called the Province of Upper Canada and the Province of Lower Canada, by separating the said Two Provinces according to the Line of Division inserted in the said Order.

    And His Majesty is hereby further pleased to Order, that the Right Honorable Henry Dundas, One of His Majesty's Principal Secretaries of State, do prepare a Warrant to be passed under His Majesty's Royal Sign Manuel to Authorize the Governor or Lieutenant Governor of the Province of Quebec or the Person administering the Government there to fix and Declare such day as They shall judge most adviseable for the Commencement within the Province of Upper Canada, and the Province of Lower Canada respectively, of the said Act passed in the last Session of Parliament entitled "An Act to repeal certain parts of An Act passed in the Fourteenth year of His Majesty's Reign, entitled An Act for making more effectual provision for the Government of the Province of Quebec in North America, and to make further provision for the Government of the said Province" — Provided that such Day, so to be fixed and declared for the Commencement of the said Act, within the said Two provinces respectively, shall not be later, than the Thiry first Day of December, One thousand seven hundred and ninety one.


    [¹ Const'l. Docs. (1791-1818), pp. 3-5. (Can. Arcb.)
    ² See Privy Council Register, 31 Geo. III. p. 304.
    ³ This Message was presented to both Houses of Parliament February 25, 1791. See Parliamentary History of England, Vol. XXVIII, p. 1271.]


[1927lab]


 

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