CHAPTER XI.--SUMMARY OF RECOMMENDATIONS.
B. Subsidiary Recommendations. (continued)
CHAPTER VII.--PROSPECTS FOR THE IMMEDIATE FUTURE.
Undeveloped and unworked lands.
(15) All lands, however held
and whether situated in Newfoundland or Labrador, should, if not worked, be subject
to an annual tax of so much per acre (paragraph 425). A substantial part of the
proceeds of such tax should be devoted to the improvement and amplification of the
existing fire-control service, to the supervision of the cutting of timber in
forest lands and wood lands, and to replanting waste lands (paragraph 427).
Need for expert advice in forestry matters.
(16) Early steps should be
taken by the Newfoundland Government to engage the services of an experienced
Forestry Officer, who might first conduct a survey of all forest areas not under
the control of the two Paper Companies and advise as to the best methods of
conserving the timber supply in those areas, of reorganising the fire-control
service, and generally of recasting the administration of the forests on modern
lines. The officer so engaged should later be given an opportunity of inspecting
the forest areas under the control of the two Paper Companies and of assuring
himself that conditions in such areas fulfil the requirements of modern forestry
practice (paragraph 434).
(17) Pending the conclusion of
a permanent arrangement between the interests concerned for the importation of
Newfoundland iron-ore into the United Kingdom, an extension of the present
practice, whereby some small shipments of ore have been consigned to the United
Kingdom on a barter basis in return for coal, would be of mutual benefit to the
two countries (paragraph 445).
Need for promoting an increase in the Island's livestock.
(18) An expert advisor should
be specially engaged at an early date to report on the methods by which an increase
in the country's live stock could best be brought about (paragraph 476).
Opportunity for establishment of jam-making industry.
(19) There would seem to be
opportunity for the establishment in Newfoundland of a jam-making industry on a
large scale (paragraph 483).
Proposals for creation of new fur industry.
(20) Special attention should
be directed towards the creation of a new industry for which conditions in
Newfoundland and Labrador are ideally suited, viz., the raising of fur-bearing
animals, and the initiation of an adequate system of protection should be
undertaken without delay (paragraphs 484-491 and 528). The first step would be to
obtain expert advice from, e.g., Canada, as to how such a system might best be
fostered and developed. The next step would be to arrange for the establishment of
the new body of Game Wardens, which would doubtless be required for its execution.
This body might be organised on similar lines to the Royal Canadian Mounted Police,
which performs similar services in the hinterland of Canada, and it is recommended
that, when this stage is reached, the Commandant of the Royal Canadian Mounted
Police should be consulted with a view to the secondment of a few trained members
of that force who would assist in the training of the Newfoundland body (paragraph
(21) A policy encouraging the
use of aircraft for internal communication would bring results which would amply
repay any expense involved (paragraph 497).
CHAPTER VIII.--ALTERNATIVE COURSES OF ACTION.
Future of Labrador.
(22) Possibly the most helpful
suggestion as to the future of Labrador is that the territory should be placed
under a trading company operating under charter of other authority. Failing the
establishment of such a company, Newfoundland should retain the territory and
administer it (paragraph 528).
CHAPTER X.--SUBSIDIARY RECOMMENDATIONS.
(23) The reorganisation of the
Civil Service is urgently called for, and it is hoped that early effect will be
given to the undertakings contained in the Prime Minister's Budget Speech of June,
1933 (paragraphs 566-575).
Need for Special Investigations.
(24) An enquiry is at present
being made by an educationalist of repute into the curriculum at present in force
in the schools (paragraph 577). Expert investigation is needed also into the
Railway and Steamship services of the Island (paragraphs 578-581), the forest
resources of the country, and the best means of promoting an increase in the
Island's live stock (paragraphs 582-583). The engagement of a qualified geologist
is also highly desirable (paragraphs 584-585).
Boards and Commissions.
(25) Following the introduction
of the new form of government, all existing Boards and Commissions would be
dissolved (paragraphs 586-587).
Public Health and Welfare.
(26) Steps should be taken to
remedy the defects in the existing Public Health Services of the Island, and in
particular to build up a Preventative Public Health Service (paragraphs
St. John's City.
(27) Energetic steps should be
taken by the City Council to insist on prompt payment of arrears of the city tax
(28) The Question of proceeding with a town planning scheme for St.
John's should be reviewed as opportunity offers. In the meantime a general plan of
development should be prepared, covering not only the City itself but the
neighbouring area which is also within the purview of the existing Town Planning
Commission (paragraph 615).
(29) The Government would be well-advised to assist all unemployed men
in St. John's who wish to do so to return to their homes in the outports (paragraph
||Portugal Cove (about 8 miles from St. John's), n.d.
Photo by Holloway. From the album of photographs furnished to the Newfoundland Royal Commission, August 1933. Courtesy of the Centre for Newfoundland Studies Archives (Coll-207),
Memorial University of Newfoundland Library, St. John's, Newfoundland.
(30) The Government should do
all in their power to encourage the formation of municipalities in the chief
centres as times improve (paragraph 618).
Police and Game Wardens.
(31) In the event of a new body
of Game Wardens being established on the lines recommended in Recommendation (20)
above, such a force might take over all public work not only in the interior but in
the outports as well, might collect the Customs and other revenue at all but the
most important ports, might act as the representatives of the various Departments
of Government, might assist in the working of the Post Office and the Railway, and
generally might undertake duties, excluding those assigned to the Magistrates and
Fishery Inspectors, which are at present distributed among a number of minor
officials (paragraph 621).
Establishment of Branch of Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve.
(32) We recommend that, if it
should not be regarded as practicable to reinstitute the Newfoundland branch of the
Royal Naval Reserve, steps should be taken to create in St. John's a branch of the
Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve. We also recommend that consideration should be
given to the stationing of one of His Majesty's Ships in Newfoundland during the
summer months, say from June to October (paragraphs 622-624).
Need for Statistical Service.
(33) One of the matters which
we commend to the attention of the new Government is the need for the collection of
full and accurate statistics relating to every branch of the Island's life. We
recommend that with this object in view steps should be taken to establish a
liaison with the Department of Statistics at Ottawa (paragraphs 625-627).
Need for Public Libraries in the Island.
(34) We understand that
arrangements are in view for the establishment of a public library in St. John's.
We think it important that public libraries should be established in the larger
outports as opportunity offers and that steps should be taken to extend and improve
the recently instituted service of travelling subscription libraries (paragraphs
(35) The objectives of the new
Government will be two-fold, (a) immediate, (b) such as can only
be attained over a period of years. The immediate objective must be to rescue the
country from the peril of collapse which now threatens to overwhelm it, to instil
new heart and confidence in the people and to bring about conditions in which,
provided that they play their part, they will be assured at least of earning a
livelihood. When the first objective has been achieved, the next objective must be
the formulation of a long-range plan, based on an exhaustive study of local
conditions, and calculated, by the creation and development of new sources of
wealth, so to strengthen the economic structure of the Island as to prevent the
recurrence, at least in such extreme form, of those periodical visitations of
pauperism and distress to which it has hitherto been subject (paragraphs
Image description updated May, 2004.