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Managing the
War Effort

Home Front

The Politics of War


Paramilitary Groups

Women’s Patriotic Association

Fraternal Organizations


at War



A Newfoundland and Labrador Heritage Web Site Partner Project. Created under contract to Canada’s Digital Collections, Industry Canada.


The war effort was underpinned by a huge civilian volunteer movement. The most prominent expression of this was the Newfoundland Patriotic Association. But volunteerism expressed itself in many other ways.

The church-affiliated cadet corps played a vital role in the formation of the Newfoundland Regiment, though they became less important as time went on.

Catholic Cadet Corps drill on St. George’s Field, St. John’s, ca. 1910.
Courtesy of the Provincial Archives of Newfoundland and Labrador (PANL VA-33-73), St. John’s, Newfoundland.
(33 Kb)

The Women’s Patriotic Association mobilized the immense energy of women (and children) to support the troops overseas and at home. Women also joined the Red Cross and were active fund raisers. Similarly, the longer-established and more traditional fraternal organizations recognized a responsibility to assist recruitment and to “look out” for those of their members who joined up.

Making supplies, ca. 1915.
Women’s Patriotic Association, St. John Ambulance Division, making supplies at Mrs. Browning’s.

Courtesy of the Centre for Newfoundland Studies Archives (Mary Southcott Collection 190), Queen Elizabeth II Library, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St. John’s, Newfoundland.
(20 Kb)

For all the stresses and strains that war placed on Newfoundland society, and there were many, there was at the same time a remarkable degree of community solidarity focused on the colony’s soldiers and sailors.