Top of Page Home Search Site Map

Managing the
War Effort

Home Front

at War



At Home

National War Memorial


A Newfoundland and Labrador Heritage Web Site Partner Project. Created under contract to Canada’s Digital Collections, Industry Canada.

Commemorations At Home

Across Newfoundland, communities large and small looked for suitable ways to commemorate their war dead. The residents of Botwood raised enough money to purchase a 12-foot grey granite obelisk from D. Beveridge and Son of Perth, Scotland. The obelisk was unveiled July 1, 1921. Inscribed on it were the names of those who had made the supreme sacrifice, their epitaph, “Their names liveth for evermore.” In the small outport community of Arnold’s Cove, some 30 families purchased a plain granite shaft which they erected as a memorial to their war dead on August 7, 1921.

The fraternal organizations were also involved. On September 8, 1921, the Loyal Orange Association in Trinity erected a monument with the names of the five Orangemen and ten non-Orangemen who had fallen inscribed on what became a community memorial (“Trinity’s” 51).

On the Burin Peninsula, monuments were erected at Fortune, Burin, and Lamaline. The full cost of the Fortune war memorial was met by the people themselves with the assistance of the Great War Veterans Association. In Grand Falls on July 23, 1922, a replica of the Cenotaph in London was unveiled on Station Road. The $8,000 monument was paid for by the people of Grand Falls with assistance from the Anglo-Newfoundland Development Company.

Memorial University College, Parade Street, St. John’s, 1924.
Courtesy of the Provincial Archives of Newfoundland and Labrador (PANL NA-39-96), St. John’s, Newfoundland.
(41 Kb)

War Memorial 1914–18, Grand Falls-Windsor, n.d.
Courtesy of the Provincial Archives of Newfoundland and Labrador (PANL A-37-56), St. John’s, Newfoundland.
(32 Kb)

War Memorial, Grand Bank, n.d.
Courtesy of the Provincial Archives of Newfoundland and Labrador (PANL NA-60-88), St. John’s, Newfoundland.
(42 Kb)

There were other permanent forms of memorials established as well. The Knights of Columbus in St. John’s established the Knights of Columbus Memorial School to promote Catholic education in Newfoundland. The school was built as an extension of the already existing Academy of Our Lady of Mercy near the Catholic Cathedral. The building contained 12 large classrooms, a domestic science room, music and dressing rooms, a water fountain and a large auditorium.

Perhaps the greatest legacy left by the Great War was the establishment of the Memorial University College in 1925. It was decided that the greatest legacy would be to leave an institution that would help to augment the woefully inadequate levels of education in Newfoundland. In 1949, the institution received full degree-granting status and became the Memorial University of Newfoundland. Its accomplishments and contribution to the life of the province stands as a fitting tribute to the young men who lost their lives in the service of their country during the Great War.