Defensive Ditch Showing Scarp on the Right

Defensive Ditch Showing Scarp and Counterscarp.
The defensive ditch of the Colony of Avalon looking south. The stone scarp of the rampart can be seen at the right of the image; the counterscarp, or outer face of the ditch is at the left.

Reproduced by permission of the Colony of Avalon Foundation, Ferryland, Newfoundland, © 2001.

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