Bibliography for Prehistoric Peoples

Howley, James P. The Beothucks or Red Indians. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1915.

Marshall, Ingeborg. A History and Ethnography of the Beothuk. Montreal and Kingston: McGill-Queen's University Press, 1996.

Pastore, Ralph T. Shanawdithit's People: The Archaeology of the Beothuks. St. John's: Atlantic Archaeology, 1992.

Tuck, James A. Newfoundland and Labrador Prehistory. Ottawa: National Museums of Canada, Archaeological Survey of Canada, 1976.

First Arrivals

MacDonald, George. Debert: A Palaeo-Indian Site in Central Nova Scotia. Anthropology Papers, no. 16. Ottawa: National Museum of Man, 1969.

McGhee, Robert, and James A. Tuck. An Archaic Sequence for the Strait of Belle Isle, Labrador. Mercury Series, no. 34. Ottawa: National Museums of Canada, Archaeological Survey of Canada, 1975.

Tuck, James A. Newfoundland and Labrador Prehistory. Ottawa: National Museums of Canada, Archaeological Survey of Canada, 1976.

Wright, James V. A History of the Native People of Canada. Vol. 1. Mercury Series, no. 152. Hull, Quebec: Canadian Museum of Civilization, 1995.

Maritime Archaic Tradition

Fitzhugh, William. Environmental Archaeology and Cultural Systems in Hamilton Inlet, Labrador. Smithsonian Contributions to Anthropology, no. 16. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institute, 1972.

_______. “The Nulliak Pendants and their Relation to Spiritual Traditions in Northeast Prehistory.” Arctic Anthropology 22, no. 2 (1985): 87-109.

Hood, Bryan. “The Maritime Archaic Indians of Labrador: Investigating Prehistoric Social Organization.” Newfoundland Studies 9, no. 2 (1993): 163-84.

Tuck, James A. Ancient People of Port au Choix. St. John's: Institute for Social and Economic Research, 1976.

Palaeo-Eskimo Peoples

Fitzhugh, William W., and James A. Tuck. “A Review of Paleo-Eskimo Culture History in Southern Quebec-Labrador and Newfoundland.” Etudes/Inuit/Studies 4 (1980): 21-31.

_______. Palaeo-Eskimo Cultures of Newfoundland, Labrador and Ungava. Reports in Archaeology, no. 1. St. John's: Memorial University of Newfoundland, 1986.

Maxwell, Moreau. Eastern Arctic Prehistory. New York: Academic Press, 1985.

McGhee, Robert. Canadian Arctic Prehistory. Ottawa: National Museums of Canada, National Museum of Man, 1978.

Renouf, M.A.P. “Palaeoeskimo Seal Hunters at Port au Choix.” Newfoundland Studies 9, no. 2 (1993): 185-212.

_______. “Two Transitional Sites at Port au Choix, Northwestern Newfoundland.” In Threads of Arctic Prehistory: Papers in Honour of W.E. Taylor, Jr., edited by D.A. Morrison and J.-L. Pilon, 165-95. Ottawa: National Museum of Civilization, 1994.

Tuck, James A. Prehistory of Saglek Bay, Labrador: Archaic and Palaeo-Eskimo Occupations. Mercury Series, no. 32. Ottawa: National Museum of Man, Archaeological Survey of Canada, 1975.i

_______. “Prehistory in Atlantic Canada Since 1975.” Canadian Journal of Archaeology 6 (1982): 210-23.

Intermediate Indians

Fitzhugh, William. Environmental Archaeology and Cultural Systems in Hamilton Inlet, Labrador. Smithsonian Contributions to Anthropology, no. 16. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institute, 1972.

Madden, Marcie M. “A Late Archaic Sequence in Southern Labrador.” M.A. thesis, Memorial University of Newfoundland, 1976.

Nagle, Christopher. “Indian Occupations of the Intermediate Period on the Central Labrador Coast: A Preliminary Synthesis.” Arctic Anthropology 15, no. 2 (1978): 119-45.

Tuck, James A. “Prehistory in Atlantic Canada Since 1975.” Canadian Journal of Archaeology 6 (1982): 210-23.

Recent Indians

Fitzhugh, William. Environmental Archaeology and Cultural Systems in Hamilton Inlet, Labrador. Smithsonian Contributions to Anthropology, no. 16. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institute, 1972.

_______. “Winter Cove 4 and the Point Revenge Occupation of the Central Labrador Coast.” Arctic Anthropology 15, no. 2 (1978): 146-74.

Loring, Stephen G. “Princes and Princesses of Ragged Fame: Innu Archaeology and Ethnohistory in Labrador.” Ph.D. diss., University of Massachusetts at Amherst, 1992.

Pastore, Ralph T. “Excavations at Boyd's Cove, 1984: A Preliminary Report.” In Archaeology in Newfoundland and Labrador, 1984, edited by Jane Sproull Thomson and Callum Thomson, 322-37. St. John's: Historic Resources Division, Department of Culture, Recreation and Youth, Government of Newfoundland and Labrador, 1985.

Schwarz, Frederick A. “Paleo-Eskimo and Recent Indian Subsistence and Settlement Patterns on the Island of Newfoundland.” Northeast Anthropology 47 (1994): 55-70.


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